gray-card.jpg

Max Pechstein

Born December 31, 1881, Zwickau, Germany. Died June 29, 1955, Berlin, Germany.
Interested in selling a work by Max Pechstein?
Request an Estimate

Works by Max Pechstein at Sotheby's

Past Lots

Max Pechstein Biography

German Expressionist Max Pechstein was a quintessential artist of the Die Brücke group in the years leading up to World War I. His use of bold color and expressive form contributed to the development of expressionism, and he led The New Secession movement alongside George Tappert in 1910. A crucial member of the avant-garde, he consistently experimented with line, form and acidic color that was liberated from mimetic representation in his landscapes and figurative paintings.

Born in Zwickau, Germany, Pechstein studied at the School of Applied Arts and the Royal Art Academy in Dresden before meeting Erich Heckel, who introduced him to the Die Brücke group, in which Pechstein participated throughout the following years. The experimentation of his early career developed in tandem with Primitivism, and he became increasingly interested in the imagery of non-Western cultures. He traveled to the Palau Islands in the South Pacific, in a manner similar to Gauguin’s infamous travels to Tahiti. In 1916, he was sent to fight on the Western Front for Germany. After the war, he joined two socialist groups in Germany (despite previously expressing a conservative stance) before becoming a professor at the Berlin Academy between the wars. In the early 1930s, amongst the ardent nationalism and severity of the Third Reich, Pechstein was deemed Degenerate by the Nazis – as was typical of his Die Brücke and Der Blaue Reiter colleagues – and was forced to resign from the academy and banned from working or exhibiting in Germany. Over three hundred of his paintings were taken from German museums, and sixteen of his works were prominent examples of Degenerate Art in the eponymous exhibition in 1937.

Following the end of the war, he was reinstated to his teaching position and resumed both painting and printmaking. Pechstein’s works can be found in the permanent collections of the Art Institute of Chicago, the Museum of Modern Art, the Albertina in Vienna and the Smithsonian, among many other major museums around the world.

Read More

Max Pechstein Videos and Stories

We use our own and third party cookies to enable you to navigate around our Site, use its features and engage on social media, and to allow us to perform analytics, remember your preferences, provide services that you have requested and produce content and advertisements tailored to your interests, both on our Site as well as others. For more information, or to learn how to change your cookie or marketing preferences, please see our updated Privacy Policy & Cookie Policy.

Close
Please note that prior performance of the indexes and realized returns contained herein does not guarantee future results. In addition, there is no guarantee that random collections of individual works of art or stocks will yield index returns. We are not financial advisors and we are not in the business of recommending art as an investment. We also have no comparative advantage in forecasting the future direction of the art market. Investment decisions should be based on the risk return tolerance and time horizon of the investor with, if desired, the support of a licensed financial advisor. This information is provided "as is" and with no representations or warranties either express or implied of accuracy, merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose or of any other nature are made with respect to this information or to any expressed views presented in this information.