Joseph Mallord William Turner

Born 1775. Died 1851.
Interested in selling a work by Joseph Mallord William Turner?
Start Selling

Works by Joseph Mallord William Turner at Sotheby's

Past Lots

Joseph Mallord William Turner Biography

Born in 1775, and commonly referenced by his initials J. M. W. Turner, Joseph Mallord William Turner has come to be recognized as one of the greatest artists in the history of landscape painting. Turner practiced art from an early age, and as a child earned money by coloring prints. In 1789 he began working as a draughtsman for the architect Thomas Hardwick, the same year in which he enrolled in the Royal Academy in London. There, he studied closely with the topographical watercolorist Thomas Malton, whose specialty was highly detailed townscapes. Malton had a strong impact on Turner, who later referred to him as his “real master.” By 1790, at the age of fifteen, he exhibited his first watercolor at the academy, and subsequently undertook tours of Britain to produce sketches of the countryside.

Initially Turner worked almost exclusively in watercolor, but it is his later oil paintings that garnered him wide acclaim and recognition. Inspired by the landscape tradition, Turner was often engaged in an artistic dialogue with his predecessors, such as Claude Lorraine. Because of their scale, some of his works, such as Snow Storm: Hannibal and his Army Crossing the Alps (1812, Tate Modern, London) are also part of the lineage of history painting.

In 1802, Turner made his first trip to Europe where he toured extensively and studying painting across the continent. He would continue to undertake ventures across the English Channel, and from the 1830s onward the influence of these voyages became apparent in his work. His compositions became freer, and include more personal interpretations of environment, such as using more vibrant color. His later works were considered quite radical, even offensive, as they departed so drastically from the artistic norm of the time period. Fortunately, Turner had already well established his career and stature, and he was able to continue his stylistic trajectory as he saw fit.

Turner died in London in 1851, and was buried in St. Paul’s Cathedral. After his death, all of his remaining works, approximately 300 oil paintings and 19,000 drawings and watercolors, were bestowed to the National Gallery, London; the vast majority of these today are a part of the Clore Gallery at Tate Britain.

Read Less
Read More

More from Sotheby's

Museums with Works by Joseph Mallord William Turner

Related Artists

Artist Image: This content is subject to copyright.
Please note that prior performance of the indexes and realized returns contained herein does not guarantee future results. In addition, there is no guarantee that random collections of individual works of art or stocks will yield index returns. We are not financial advisors and we are not in the business of recommending art as an investment. We also have no comparative advantage in forecasting the future direction of the art market. Investment decisions should be based on the risk return tolerance and time horizon of the investor with, if desired, the support of a licensed financial advisor. This information is provided "as is" and with no representations or warranties either express or implied of accuracy, merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose or of any other nature are made with respect to this information or to any expressed views presented in this information.