Albrecht Dürer

Born 1471. Died 1528.
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Albrecht Dürer Biography

Born and based in Nurnberg, Germany, Albrecht Dürer (1471–1528) was the greatest painter, printmaker and theorist of the German Renaissance. His vast body of works includes engravings, altarpieces, portraits, self-portraits, watercolors and books.

After apprenticing as a goldsmith at his father’s workshop and showing his early talent in a silverpoint Self-Portrait (1484), the artist developed by working for a local painter and traveling through northern Europe. An outbreak of the plague in Nurnberg in 1494 led him to flee to Italy, where he met Italian Renaissance artists, asborbed their work and developed a lifelong interest in the theory of human proportions.

Back in Nurnberg in 1495, Dürer found immediate success as a painter and engraver. In 1496, the Elector of Saxony commissioned paintings, which culminated in Adoration of the Magi (1504). In 1498, Dürer published The Apocalypse, a woodcut series of such innovative format, masterful technique and forceful imagery that it established his fame in Europe. After another two-year stay in Italy – during which he produced the painting Christ Among the Doctors in 1507 – the artist remained in Nurnberg, where he received several commissions from Emperor Maximilian I. During this time he created his three so-called Master Engravings, Knight, Death, and the Devil in 1513 and, in 1514, Saint Jerome in His Study and Melencolia I. Fully reflecting Dürer’s assimilation of Italian art and theory, these works raised the engraving technique to new heights. While engaged in portraiture through his last years, Dürer’s major achievements were theoretical writings such as Teaching of Measurements (1525) and Four Apostles (1526), which he presented to the city of Nurnberg.

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Artist Image: [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons