View 1 of Lot 22. River landscape with farmhouses and a dovecote upon a high bank |《河上風景,河畔農舍與鴿房景觀》.
View 1 of Lot 22. River landscape with farmhouses and a dovecote upon a high bank |《河上風景,河畔農舍與鴿房景觀》.
22

Jan Josefsz. van Goyen

River landscape with farmhouses and a dovecote upon a high bank |《河上風景,河畔農舍與鴿房景觀》

Estimate:

150,000 - 200,000 GBP

Property from the Collection of Peter Baltzer | 彼得・巴爾澤收藏

Jan Josefsz. van Goyen

Jan Josefsz. van Goyen

River landscape with farmhouses and a dovecote upon a high bank |《河上風景,河畔農舍與鴿房景觀》

River landscape with farmhouses and a dovecote upon a high bank |《河上風景,河畔農舍與鴿房景觀》

Estimate:

150,000 - 200,000 GBP

Property from the Collection of Peter Baltzer

彼得・巴爾澤收藏

Jan Josefsz. van Goyen

楊・約瑟夫・凡・霍延

Leiden 1596 - 1656 The Hague

River landscape with farmhouses and a dovecote upon a high bank

《河上風景,河畔農舍與鴿房景觀》


signed in monogram and dated lower right: VG 1654

款識:藝術家簽姓名縮寫並紀年VG 1654(右下)

oil on oak panel

油彩橡木板

41.4 x 60.6 cm.; 16 1/4 x 23 7/8 in.

41.4 x 60.6 公分;16 ¼ x 23 ⅞ 英寸

Private collection, New York, 1939;

Private collection, Varese, 1980;

With Giorgio Caretto Gallery, Turin, 1982–90;

With P. de Boer, Amsterdam;

Acquired from the above by the mother and step-father of the present owner in 1990 for DM. 500,000.

H.–U. Beck, Jan van Goyen 1596–1656, Doornspijk 1987, vol. III, Ergänzungen..., p. 209, no. 568a, reproduced.

Even though he was in his late fifties when he painted this river scene, Jan van Goyen never ceased to explore the effects of light and atmosphere along the canals and riverbanks of his homeland, and his evocation of their atmosphere remains unparalleled. Indeed, his late paintings from the 1650s number many of his greatest works. In many late pictures such as this Van Goyen returned to a more natural range of colours alongside the near monochromatic palette he had adopted in many works since the beginning of the decade. The painting's design is built around a strong receding diagonal, a tried and tested compositional scheme that he had adopted in many similar river landscapes from the 1630s onwards.1 As always Van Goyen sought to enliven the surface of his panel with a variety of painterly effects, using broad brushstrokes for the clouds and shorter touches to indicate the ripples of light and shade in the water beneath. In the present panel, the distant church spire, the sails of the moored riverboats and the weathered houses are all familiar compositional elements employed here to enliven the horizon line. All of these motifs are composed but they were always rooted in Van Goyen’s own numerous drawings made from nature; a precarious dovecote similar to that found in the centre of the picture, for example, can be found in a pen and grey wash drawing made two years earlier in 1652.2


Van Goyen’s personal fortunes were also at a particularly low ebb at the time he painted this picture. Although a highly prolific and influential painter (some 1200 paintings and 800 drawings by him are known), having rashly speculated in tulip bulbs during the period of ‘tulip mania’ or tulpenmanie he never managed to recover financially when the market crashed in February 1637. Despite his seminal importance as the most important pioneer of naturalistic landscape painting in Holland, Van Goyen’s paintings did not fetch high prices during his own lifetime. In 1652 and again in 1654, the year of this painting, he had been obliged to sell his possessions at public auction. He died two years later in straitened circumstances, when his widow was obliged to sell his remaining assets, including his house.


1 A slightly larger panel of very comparable design from 1637, for example, was formerly in the Roell collection in Bilthoven: panel, 40 x 67 cm. H.-U. Beck, Jan van Goyen 1596–1656, vol. II, Amsterdam 1973, p. 223, no. 465, reproduced. Another very similar composition, dating to 1652, is in the Wallraf-Richartz-Museum in Cologne.

2 London, Christie’s, 4 July 2000, lot 63; Beck 1987, p. 70, no. 320a, reproduced.