Rare pendule en bronze doré et incrustations de pierres dures pour le marché chinois Angleterre, Londres, époque Georges III, ca. 1780 | 英國倫敦 喬治三世 約1780年 John Mottram 鎏金銅嵌寶中國市場音樂座鐘 | A rare George III ormolu quarter striking musical table clock for the Chinese market, John Mottram, London, circa 1780
6,000 - 8,000 EUR
Collection Particulière Française | 法國私人收藏
6,000 - 8,000 EUR
Collection Particulière Française
Rare pendule en bronze doré et incrustations de pierres dures pour le marché chinois Angleterre, Londres, époque Georges III, ca. 1780
英國倫敦 喬治三世 約1780年 John Mottram 鎏金銅嵌寶中國市場音樂座鐘
A rare George III ormolu quarter striking musical table clock for the Chinese market, John Mottram, London, circa 1780
de forme rectangulaire, le cadran rond entouré d'un sertissage de pierres rouges, encadré de rinceaux fleuris, les arêtes ornées de frises de perles et de consoles, la partie supérieure ornée d'un dôme hexagonal à décor incisé de formes géométriques, la platine gravée et signée John Mottram, London
28,3 cm, 11⅛ in.
28,3 公分， 11⅛英寸
The clock is in overall good condition with only some occasional scratches and very light wear to the gilding.The finials to the upper part are now missing. The movement is in need of restoration. One hinge to the back is detached.
"In response to your inquiry, we are pleased to provide you with a general report of the condition of the property described above. Since we are not professional conservators or restorers, we urge you to consult with a restorer or conservator of your choice who will be better able to provide a detailed, professional report. Prospective buyers should inspect each lot to satisfy themselves as to condition and must understand that any statement made by Sotheby's is merely a subjective, qualified opinion. Prospective buyers should also refer to any Important Notices regarding this sale, which are printed in the Sale Catalogue.
NOTWITHSTANDING THIS REPORT OR ANY DISCUSSIONS CONCERNING A LOT, ALL LOTS ARE OFFERED AND SOLD AS IS" IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE CONDITIONS OF BUSINESS PRINTED IN THE SALE CATALOGUE."
John Mottram is recorded as working at Warden Court, Clerkenwell Close, London between 1780 and 1810 and is particularly known for his musical clocks for the Far Eastern market.
From the time the first clocks were brought to China from Europe in around 1582, the Chinese Emperors were fascinated with European mechanical clockworks. As objects of curiosity and items of luxury, these early mechanical clocks incorporated mechanisms that could support accessory functions including music and animated figures. European clocks were called 'zimingzhong' or 'self-sounding bells' by the Chinese for their musical chimes and striking bells and were received by the Qing court with great enthusiasm. The demand was such that a workshop dedicated solely to western-style clocks was established by the Kangxi Emperor (r. 1662-1722) among the palace workshops which was to be the beginning of a native clockmaking industry. With the help of Jesuit missionaries who supplied the technical knowledge and skills, Chinese clockmakers were trained and soon Chinese-made pieces joined those clocks that continued to arrive from the West. Contemporary sources suggest that by the end of the first quarter of the eighteenth century, clocks in the numbered in their thousands. The Qianlong Emperor (r. 1736-1795) in particular was an avid collector of all types of timepieces and automatons and his enthusiasm for both European and Chinese-made clocks and watches saw no limit. He had thousands of European and Chinese clocks in his collection that were aimed at mesmerizing the beholder and were prized for their novelty and design. More than 4000 examples were known to have existed in the Imperial Palaces and their chiming was to be heard throughout the day.