A closer look at the style, characters and symbols in this celebratory genre scene.
F lemish artist, court painter and curator David Teniers the Younger enjoyed a long and illustrious career during the 17th century. A prolific master of composition and expression, Teniers was versatile in many genres – landscape, portrait, religious and mythological among them – but it was his familiar views of peasant life that were his most admired. Born in Antwerp in 1610, Teniers studied first with his father, David Teniers the Elder, before finding inspiration in the works of fellow Flemish painter Adriaen Brouwer and those of the thriving Dutch genre painters to the north. The Wine Harvest, a large-scale culmination of these influences, depicts villagers active in their harvest and celebration. There are a few transporting grapes, others making wine and many drinking it – including, we might empathise, some who have enjoyed a little too much.
Anatomy of an Artwork
DAVID TENIERS THE YOUNGER
The Wine Harvest
Old Master Paintings Evening Sale, London, 2 December
Exhibition: 27 November–2 December
Two burly individuals are treading an earlier delivery in a huge wooden vat while yet more grapes are unloaded before them. Nearby two coopers are busily fixing up barrels for the wine, the tools of their trade scattered around them.
2. STILL LIFE
As he matured, Teniers’s technical mastery extended to the still-life elements in his works. Here he takes great care to render the tools, vessels and the glass that fills the bottom of the picture.
In the centre the foreman proffers a saucer of the new vintage to a well-dressed wine merchant with whom he is hoping to seal a deal. Beside them, the merchant’s wife guards his bags of money until the deal is done. The merchant very likely commissioned the painting from Teniers as a unique family portrait.
Teniers appears in many of his pictures, often formally as himself, and at other times playing a character in a narrative, as seen here.
Villagers process up the hill, raising their glasses to celebrate in front of a monument of Bacchus, god of wine and the harvest. They carry torches wrapped in ivy, calling to mind the god’s thyrsus, a staff covered in leaves and vines.