A ppearing at auction for the first time in nearly 35 years, Pablo Picasso's riveting 1953 portrait of his partner and muse, Franc;oise Gilot, will join Sotheby's Evening Sale of Impressionist & Modern Art on 12 May in New York.
"Picasso's female portraits are like a diary of his life and love, and it is so exciting to be able to turn to Franc;oise Gilot's chapter. This 1953 work is a magnificent culmination of their relationship and its impact on Picasso's art - bringing together Cubist, sculptural and graphic elements with a painterly motif and the green palette that the artist associated with Françoise."
Remarkably rare within the artist's exhaustive and prolific oeuvre, Femme assise en costume vert belongs to a group of portraits Picasso created in the late winter of 1952 and the early spring of 1953 that depict Gilot during the couple's time living with their two children, Claude and Paloma, at the villa La Galloise in Vallauris, France. While Picasso produced an impressive body of work testifying to the joy he experienced with Gilot and their children, this mesmerizing painting reflects the tensions between the two artists in this late stage of their relationship, as well as Picasso's continued stylistic versatility. Prefiguring his bold planar sheet metal sculpture from the 1950s and 1960s, Femme assise en costume vert recalls Picasso's pioneering Cubist compositions in its angular and delineated form, as well as his tortured portraits of Dora Maar from the late 1930s and early 1940s. In its striking evocation of form and elegantly restrained palette, Femme assise en costume vert is a profound and highly technical painting marking the culmination of Picasso and Gilot's personal and artistic collaboration.
Picasso's portraits of Franc;oise Gilot - an artist in her own right, who will celebrate her 100th birthday this November - are seldom seen at auction, underscoring the importance of Femme assise en costume vert's appearance in the May Evening Sale. Estimated to achieve $14/18 million, the work was last sold in December 1986 at Sotheby's London when it brought $567,986. Femme assise en costume vert is now on view until 30 April in our New Bond Street galleries in London, before joining our marquee exhibitions of Contemporary and Impressionist & Modern Art beginning 1 May in New York.
Picasso first met Gilot in May 1943, when the artist was still entangled in a turbulent relationship with the Surrealist artist Dora Maar. Gilot quickly became Picasso's muse and, eventually, his partner, as her youthful vigor inspired a new direction in his portraiture. Over the following decade, the artist produced an impressive body of work reflecting the joy he experienced with Gilot and with the two children that they had together.
During the time in which Femme assise en costume vert was executed, Picasso and Gilot's relationship was deteriorating. Gilot was aware of Picasso's infidelity and whilst he attempted to persuade her to stay, she was determined to leave and pursue her career as an artist. In response to this, Picasso painted numerous portraits of his partner, many of which, like the work to be offered in May, show Gilot either seated in an armchair or involved in domestic activity; it is as though Picasso felt in painting her that he could keep her as a presence in his life. Only a few months after Femme assise en costume vert was painted, Gilot would leave Picasso to begin a life of her own in Paris with their two children.
In Femme assise en costume vert, Picasso employs two painterly tropes often associated with his depictions of Gilot: the primacy of line and the color green. In the early years of their relationship, Picasso depicted Gilot as inherently linked with the natural world and this painting features the rich, vegetal green that evokes this idea, whilst incorporating a clear linear demarcation of form. The striking intensity of the work is achieved through Picasso's balance between monochrome passages and isolated segments of vibrant color. Through this fragmenting of the picture plane, Picasso develops the linear style with which his portraits of Gilot are often associated. Unlike the soft and fluid lines of earlier portrayals, this work retains an almost sculptural quality that prefigures his work with sheet metal.
While few comparable portraits of Gilot of this quality and scale have appeared at auction over the past decade, each has performed exceptionally well, far surpassing estimates, evidence that the market always responds enthusiastically to Picasso's portraits of this crucial period in his body of work."
The image of the seated woman was employed frequently by Picasso throughout his career. Often the armchair is employed as a means of framing the figure, however, the unusual angle in Femme assise en costume vert allows the chair to separate the monochrome elements of the figure's body from the background. The tight weave of the chair is echoed in the hatched lines outlining Gilot's hair, richly patterned lattice-work motifs that anticipate elements of Picasso's seminal Femmes d'A/ger paintings of 1954-55. In addition, the figure presented is not encased within the chair, as in previous compositions, but seems enthroned on it. There is a drama and dynamism to the work, amplified by the jagged lines and expressive use of black paint haloing the figure's head. In all its elements, the painting encapsulates Gilot's strength of character, Picasso's enduring respect for her, and his slipping hold on her.