X-ray images of the present work reveal that several adjustments were made to the composition: the position of the Magdalen's head has been altered, and so have her eyes; her mouth appears originally to have been closed; the little finger on her left hand has moved slightly; and the formation of the cliff and the clouds is also slightly different.
1 Today in Naples, Museo Nazionale di Capodimonte; see P. Joannides, 'An attempt to situate Titian’s paintings of the Penitent Magdalen in some kind of order', in artibus et historiae, no. 73, 2016, p. 185, reproduced in colour p. 184, fig. 28.
2 For example, San Francisco, Fine Arts Museums, inv. no. 1963.30.36754; see Joannides 2016, p. 185, reproduced fig. 29.
3 St. Petersburg, State Hermitage; see Joannides 2016, p. 177, reproduced in colour p. 181, fig. 24.
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