The palace was a summer residence of the Bavarian rulers of the house Wittelsbach and comprises three individual palaces situated in a baroque garden, laid out by Dominique Girard. Churchill has chosen to focus his composition on the New Palace begun under Max Emmanuel in 1701-1704 and completed by Joseph Effner. Only the main wing of a four-wing design was ever finished. The result is nevertheless an outstandingly beautiful Baroque palace. Churchill, however, has made this monumental Schloss the background to his composition, allowing the baroque court garden, with its ornate statues, to dominate the foreground. Churchill, who painted several of the stately homes which he visited, would often be drawn more to the gardens than to the buildings in his compositions. As he mentioned in Painting as a Pastime, formal gardens particularly appealed to him: he delighted in the 'sunlit garden gleaming with light and colour' and how ‘every garden presents innumerable fascinating problems' (Winston Churchill quoted in Coombs and Churchill, 2011, op. cit., p.70).
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