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拍品詳情

旅行的藝術

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倫敦

Ferdinand Bellermann
1814 - 1889
GERMAN
HACIENDA DE SAN ESTEBAN DE PUERTO CABELLO, VENEZUELA
signed and dated Ferd. Bellermann. 1847. lower left
oil on canvas
57 by 87cm., 22½ by 34¼in.
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We are grateful to Thomas von Taschitzki for his assistance in cataloguing this work.

來源

Georg Blohm, Lübeck (by 1848. Born in Lübeck, Georg Blohm (1801-1878) moved to Saint Thomas, then a Danish island of the Virgin Islands in the Caribbean in 1825. In 1829 he moved to La Guaira, Venezuela, and founded a successful trading business, Blohm, Nölting & Co., which soon became one of the largest in Venezuela. In 1837, Blohm was made consul to Hamburg in the port town. Bellermann met Blohm for the first time on 12 July 1842 in Venezuela and mentions several later meetings in his diaries. Blohm subsequently returned to Lübeck with his wife and four sons in 1843)
Sale: Christie's, London, 26 September 2001, lot 10
Purchased at the above sale by the present owner

展覽

Berlin, XXXVI. Kunstausstellung der königlichen Akademie der Künste, 1848, no. 71 (as Zucker-Ernte bei Puerto Cabello)

出版

Katherine Manthorne (ed.), Traveler Artists: Landscapes of Latin America from the Patricia Phelps de Cisneros Collection, New York, 2015, p. 209, cited
Kai Uwe Schierz and Thomas von Taschitzki, Beobachtung und Ideal. Ferdinand Bellermann – ein Maler aus dem Kreis um Humboldt, exh., cat., Angermuseum, Erfurt, 2014, p. 37, fig. 5, catalogued & illustrated, p. 38, cited

相關資料

‘I spent the last couple of weeks in the heavenly valley of St Esteban at the Villa of Mr Glöckler. The time I passed there was one of the loveliest of my life. And what had previously been the single most memorable part of my travels…now pales in comparison’
Ferdinand Bellermann


Painted with great attention to detail in terms of flora, topography, and human activity, Bellermann executed the present work within two years of his return to Germany from Venezuela. This is the earliest known oil from a small series depicting one of the artist's favourite subjects: the sugar mill and plantation at San Esteban outside Puerto Cabello in northern Venezuela. Its first owner, Georg Blohm, was a German émigré whom Bellermann met shortly after arriving in Venezuela, and it is possible that Blohm expressed an interest in acquiring a painting by the artist at that stage.

As well as the topography and fauna of the site, the composition provides a fascinating insight into the production of sugar at this date. A team of labourers are seen manually cutting and stacking the bushels in the foreground, while on the left among the buildings the wooden 'trapiche' mill is visible, used to grind the sugar cane and extract its juice. Rather than steam or water power, the example here appears to be driven by oxen.

After studying under Karl Blechen at the Berlin Academy, Bellermann attracted the attention of the polymath, naturalist, and explorer Alexander von Humboldt, who had travelled in Venezuela in 1799-1800, at the beginning of his legendary expedition to Latin America. Humboldt in turn persuaded the King of Prussia Frederick Wilhelm IV to offer the young artist a travel stipend, on condition that his sketchbooks and studies would be given to the Prussian Royal Collection on his return. As a result, the Kupferstichkabinett in Berlin now owns some 233 of Bellermann’s drawings, including topographical works, views of ports and cities, and detailed plant and nature studies.

Bellermann was initially invited by the German merchant and Prussian Consul in Puerto Cabello, Carl Rühs, to travel on the Margareth to Venezuela. Having arrived at the port of La Guaira in July 1842, Bellermann sailed on to Puerto Cabello, where he met the German merchant Ludwig Glöckler and received his invitation to the San Esteban plantation. Together with Albert Berg and Frederick Edwin Church, the artist was one of the leading artists travelling in Alexander von Humboldt’s footsteps in the mid-nineteenth century. Bellermann spent over three years travelling in Venezuela, visiting sites such as Guácharo cave, the Tovar German Colony, the Andes and Maracaibo, often in the company of the naturalist Carl Moritz. Bellermann’s numerous drawings provided a valuable contribution to the study of Venezuela's topography and botany. 

Two studies of the present view are held in the Kupferstichkabinett in Berlin. In addition to the present work of 1847, three other views of the Hacienda in San Estaban are known, respectively of 1849, 1856 and circa 1868-70 (the latter now in the Patricia Phelps de Cisneros collection).

旅行的藝術

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倫敦