Property of a Distinguished Private Collection
October 17, 06:36 PM GMT
50,000 - 80,000 USD
A George III Specimen Marble-Top Mahogany Side Table, Circa 1770
The Italian rectangular specimen marble top composed of various marbles of hexagonal shape within black marble borders, the frieze carved with a central tablet of two winged griffins centering a flame-filled tripod, flanked by bucrania scrolls and antique implements, the sides carved with a medallion of a helmeted warrior flanked by garlands, raised on partially-fluted square tapered legs ending in leaf-carved square feet.
height 32 1/2 in.; width 59 3/4 in.; depth 30 in.
82.5 cm; 152 cm; 76 cm
The collection of Mr. and Mrs. Edwin H. Herzog, Sotheby's New York, 12-13 April 1985, lot 335
The carved frieze design is based on that of the Temple of Vespasian and Titus in the Roman Forum, called the Temple of Jupiter Tonans (Thundering Jove) in the 18th century. It appears on p.135 of Les edifices antiques de Rome dessinés et mesurés très exactement (Paris 1682) by the French artist Antoine Babuty Desgodetz (1653–1728), who had been despatched to Rome by King Louis XIV to record the city's ancient monuments and ruins in a volume of engravings to serve as a reference for artists and architects. The work was highly influential, and reeditions were published in 1729 and 1779. An English translation and reproduction of the engravings was published starting in 1771 by George Marshall, probably commissioned by George III in response to the growing popularity of the study of antiquity by connoisseurs and Grand Tourists, reflected in the architectural and interior designs of William Chambers, James 'Athenian' Stuart and Robert Adam. The temple frieze was also depicted by the neoclassical Roman designer and draughtsman Giovanni Battista Piranesi (1720-1778) in his Veduti di Roma.