View full screen - View 1 of Lot 113. St. Jerome in the wilderness with a lion            .
113

Francesco de' Franceschi

St. Jerome in the wilderness with a lion

Estimate:

200,000

to
- 300,000 USD

Francesco de' Franceschi

Francesco de' Franceschi

St. Jerome in the wilderness with a lion

St. Jerome in the wilderness with a lion

Estimate:

200,000

to
- 300,000 USD

Lot sold:

352,800

USD

Francesco de' Franceschi

active in Venice 1443 - circa 1468

St. Jerome in the wilderness with a lion


inscribed on the panel: [pr]eghiamo…hieronimus…doc[tor]

tempera on panel

18 ½ by 14 in.; 47 by 35.6 cm.

The following condition report has been provided by Matt Hayes of Pietro Edwards Society of Art Conservation, 336 West 37th Street, Suite 1580, New York, NY 10018, 212-457-8956, mh@edwards-society.com, an independent restorer who is not an employee of Sotheby's.


The paint film of this picture is in generally very good condition, particularly in important

areas such as the figure, forest and animals, and foreground. Mordant-gilt accents, such as the lion's

eyes, have likewise been largely preserved. There is some wear and corresponding retouching present

in the sky. Fine vertical cracks in the paint film possibly indicate the presence of an earlier cradle;

these appear generally stable but could benefit from minimal consolidation. The varnish has slightly

darkened; it has grown uneven and does not fully saturate the dark areas.


The original support has been thinned and attached to a composite wood panel, and is

extended by about 2 cm at the top. The panel is in plane and appears stable.


The modern frame is in good condition, with occasional small injuries.


"In response to your inquiry, we are pleased to provide you with a general report of the condition of the property described above. Since we are not professional conservators or restorers, we urge you to consult with a restorer or conservator of your choice who will be better able to provide a detailed, professional report. Prospective buyers should inspect each lot to satisfy themselves as to condition and must understand that any statement made by Sotheby's is merely a subjective, qualified opinion. Prospective buyers should also refer to any Important Notices regarding this sale, which are printed in the Sale Catalogue.

NOTWITHSTANDING THIS REPORT OR ANY DISCUSSIONS CONCERNING A LOT, ALL LOTS ARE OFFERED AND SOLD AS IS" IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE CONDITIONS OF BUSINESS PRINTED IN THE SALE CATALOGUE."

Sir John Foley, 8th Bart. (1898-1938) Enville Hall, Stourbridge, Staffordshire;
His sale, London, Christie’s, 15 June 1928, lot 3 (as attributed to Marco Basaiti);
There acquired by Frank Sabin (b. 1848), Park House Rutland Gate, London;
H.M. Clark, Teddington, Middlesex, as of 1929;
With the Durlacher Brothers, New York, as of 1945;
Private Collection, England;
Anonymous sale, London, Sotheby’s, 16 November 1955, lot 107 (as School of Verona);
Ms. Geoffrey Hart, London, and Villa Millbrook, Saint Lawrence, Jersey as of 1956;
Edwards Hutton, until 1958;
Private Collection;
With Wildenstein, New York, by 1963;
From whom acquired, 2011.
G.M. Richter, "Pisanello Studies - I," in The Burlington Magazine, vol. 55, no. 317 (August 1929): pp. 65-6, reproduced p. 61, plate II and in detail p. 64 pl. III-D (as Pisanello);
G.M. Richter, "Pisanello Studies - II," in The Burlington Magazine, vol. 55, no. 318 (September 1929): pp. 133, note 7; 134, 139 (as Pisanello);
G.F. Hill in U. Thieme and F. Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der bildenden Kunstler, vol. 27, Leipzig 1933, p. 93 (as attributed to Pisanello);
L. Coletti, "Pittura veneta dal Tre al Quattrocento, II parte," in Arte veneta, vol. I, no. 4, October - December 1947, p. 259 (as possibly Jacopo Bellini);
L. Coletti, Pisanello, Milan 1953, p. 31, no. 8 (as possibly Jacopo Bellini);
B. Berenson, Italian Pictures of the Renaissance: Venetian School, vol. I, London 1957, p. 198 (as Antonio Vivarini);
M. Davies, The National Gallery Catalogues: The Earlier Italian Schools (2nd. rev. ed.), London 1961, p. 94, note 6 (as related to a drawing in the Lugt collection);
E. Sindona, Pisanello, New York 1963, p. 128, reproduced p. 120, fig. 31 (as attributed to Pisanello);
Konstens Venedig, exhibition catalogue, Stockholm 1963, p. 57, no. 51 (as Vivarini);
M.F. Todorow, I disegni del Pisanello e della sua cerchia, Florence 1966, pp. 110, 145-146, 193 (as related to drawings from the circle of Pisanello);
R. Chiarelli and G.A. dell'Acqua, L'opera completa del Pisanello, Milan 1972,  p. 108, no. 213, reproduced (as possibly by Jacopo Bellini);
M. Meiss, "Scholarship and Penitence in the Early Renaissance: the Image of St. Jerome," in Pantheon, vol. 32, no. 2 (April - June 1974): p. 138, reproduced p. 137, fig. 10 (as circle of Francesco Franceschi);
A. Conti, "Una miniatura ed altre considerazioni sul Pisanello," in Itinerari: contributi alla storia dell'arte in memoria di Maria Luisa Ferrari, ed. A. Boschetto, Florence 1979, vol. I, p. 75, note 17;
H. Friedman, A Bestiary for Saint Jerome: Animal Symbolism in European Religious Art, Washington 1980, pp. 77, 124, 205, 207, 185, 339, 347, reproduced p. 82, fig. 63 (as a follower of Pisanello);
J.B. Shaw, The Italian Drawings of the Frits Lugt Collection, Paris 1983, vol. I, p. 212 and note 3, under cat. 211, reproduced p. 473, fig. 48 (as attributed to Vivarini);
B. Ridderbos, Saint and Symbol: Images of Saint Jerome in Early Italian Art, trans. by P. de Waard-Dekking, Groningen 1984, pp. 33, 96, note 111, reproduced p. 34, fig. 15 (as Francesco de' Franceschi?);
M. Pastoreau and R. Chiarelli, Tout l'oeuvre peint de Pisanello, Paris 1987, pp. 108-109, no. 213, reproduced p. 108 (as possibly Jacopo Bellini);
D. Cordellier, ed., "Documenti e fonti su Pisanello (1395 - 1481 circa)," in Verona illustrata, no. 8, 1995, p. 37 (as attributed to Pisanello);
T. Franco in L. Puppi, ed., Pisanello: una poetica dell'inatteso, Cinisello Balsamo 1996, p. 117, no. 10, and under  no. 11 (rejects attributed to Pisanello, lists previous attributions);
D. Cordellier in Pisanello: le peintre aux sept vertus, Paris 1996, exhibition catalogue, p. 354, under  no. 235 (as related to a Pisanello drawing);
D. Gordon, National Gallery catalogues: The fifteenth century Italian Schools, vol. I, London 2003, pp. 54-57, note 26, reproduced p. 55, fig. 6 (as attributed to Francesco de' Franceschi).
New York, Durlacher Galleries, An Exhibition of Paintings and Sculpture of St. Jerome, 5 - 31 March 1945, no. 1 (as Venetian School, late 15th century);
Tulsa, OK, Phlibrook Art Center, Art in Religion, 2 October - 2 December 1945, no. 9 (as Venetian school, late 15th century);
Brighton, UK, Art Gallery, Paintings and Furniture from the Collection of Mrs Geoffrey Hart, 26 July - 16 September 1956 (as School of Verona, mid-15th century);
Stockholm, Nationalmuseum, Konstens Venedig,  20 October 1962 - 10 February 1963, no. 51 (as Antonio Vivarini);
London, Wildenstein, Art & Commerce: A Relationship within the Arts of Renaissance Italy, 12 November 1996 - 11 February 1997, no cat. no.