GILLIS CLAESZ. DE HONDECOETER | Cows and sheep resting in a wooded landscape near farmhouses, a church tower in the distance
Estimate: 4,000 - 6,000 GBP
GILLIS CLAESZ. DE HONDECOETER
Antwerp 1575/80 - 1638 Amsterdam
COWS AND SHEEP RESTING IN A WOODED LANDSCAPE NEAR FARMHOUSES, A CHURCH TOWER IN THE DISTANCE
signed with monogram and dated lower centre: G . DH . 1627 (DH in ligature)
oil on oak panel, oval
unframed: 14.9 x 19.7 cm.; 5⅞ x 7¾ in.
framed: 27 x 31.5 cm.; 10⅝ x 12¼ in.
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The panel is uncradled, flat, and stable. The paint surface is clean, with a clear and even varnish. There is a faint vertical surface scratch in the sky just above the central tree approx. 1 cm. long with associated retouching. There is also visible retouching to a tiny horizontal repaired damage in the sky upper centre approx. 1 cm. long. Inspection under ultraviolet light confirms this, and reveals further fine lines of horizontal retouching in the sky along the wood grain, as well as a few very fine dashes of retouching scattered in the cows and trees, and in a more concentrated spot in the neck of the furthest right cow. The painting is in overall good condition.
The lot is sold in the condition it is in at the time of sale. The condition report is provided to assist you with assessing the condition of the lot and is for guidance only. Any reference to condition in the condition report for the lot does not amount to a full description of condition. The images of the lot form part of the condition report for the lot provided by Sotheby's. Certain images of the lot provided online may not accurately reflect the actual condition of the lot. In particular, the online images may represent colours and shades which are different to the lot's actual colour and shades. The condition report for the lot may make reference to particular imperfections of the lot but you should note that the lot may have other faults not expressly referred to in the condition report for the lot or shown in the online images of the lot. The condition report may not refer to all faults, restoration, alteration or adaptation because Sotheby's is not a professional conservator or restorer but rather the condition report is a statement of opinion genuinely held by Sotheby's. For that reason, Sotheby's condition report is not an alternative to taking your own professional advice regarding the condition of the lot.
Private collection, Heidelberg, 1907-1995;
Anonymous sale, Amsterdam, Christie's, 16 November 2005, lot 35.
Gillis Claesz. de Hondecoeter was the second in a long line of successful painters from the Hondecoeter family. Religious persecution drove his father Nicolaes Jansz. de Hondecoeter from Antwerp to Delft, and as a result the artistic dynasty settled in the Dutch Netherlands. Gillis Claesz. married Mayken Gijsbrechts in 1602 in Utrecht, and moved to Amsterdam in 1610 with his already large and expanding family; one of his sons, Gijsbert, was to become an accomplished painter in his own right, and the well-known artists Melchior de Hondecoeter and Jan Weenix were both his grandsons.
Gillis Claesz. was accepted into the Guild in Amsterdam in 1636 and became one of the major landscape painters of his time. His style is very distinctive, with much attention given to the detail of foliage: this technique was probably acquired during his early apprenticeship to the acclaimed landscape painter Gillis van Coninxloo.