A LARGE YELLOW AND RUSSET JADE CARVING OF A MYTHICAL BEAST,  QING DYNASTY, QIANLONG PERIOD
 A LARGE YELLOW AND RUSSET JADE CARVING OF A MYTHICAL BEAST,  QING DYNASTY, QIANLONG PERIOD
 A LARGE YELLOW AND RUSSET JADE CARVING OF A MYTHICAL BEAST,  QING DYNASTY, QIANLONG PERIOD
 A LARGE YELLOW AND RUSSET JADE CARVING OF A MYTHICAL BEAST,  QING DYNASTY, QIANLONG PERIOD
 A LARGE YELLOW AND RUSSET JADE CARVING OF A MYTHICAL BEAST,  QING DYNASTY, QIANLONG PERIOD
 A LARGE YELLOW AND RUSSET JADE CARVING OF A MYTHICAL BEAST,  QING DYNASTY, QIANLONG PERIOD
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A LARGE YELLOW AND RUSSET JADE CARVING OF A MYTHICAL BEAST, QING DYNASTY, QIANLONG PERIOD

Estimate:

200,000 - 300,000 USD

A LARGE YELLOW AND RUSSET JADE CARVING OF A MYTHICAL BEAST, QING DYNASTY, QIANLONG PERIOD

Estimate:

200,000 - 300,000 USD

Lot sold:1,714,000USD

Description

A LARGE YELLOW AND RUSSET JADE CARVING OF A MYTHICAL BEAST

QING DYNASTY, QIANLONG PERIOD

清乾隆 黃玉雕瑞獸擺件



well carved, crouching on its four powerful legs as if preparing to pounce, its head turned gently to the left, detailed with a short, curled pointy beard, a long snout, bulging eyes, and a finely incised mane flanked by a pair of large furled ears, its pronounced ridged spine terminating in a long bushy tail swept against the right haunch, the softly polished stone of greenish-yellow tone with some areas of russet coloration and occasional natural fissures, wood stand (2)


Length 5⅞ in., 15 cm

Condition Report

Overall in good condition with a few scattered minute chips and nicks along the edges, mostly to the ears. A minute bruise to the tail.


整體品相良好,邊角見數處微磕及磕痕,尤其是耳部。尾巴有一細微碰痕。


Please note that this lot includes a stand, frame or other component made from a type of Chinese hardwood, which, if exported, will require a CITES permit to leave the United States.


敬請注意,本拍品之木座、木框或其它木部件屬瀕危野生動植物種國際貿易公約(CITES)所列木種,如出口至美國境外需申請相關CITES許可證。


In response to your inquiry, we are pleased to provide you with a general report of the condition of the property described above. Since we are not professional conservators or restorers, we urge you to consult with a restorer or conservator of your choice who will be better able to provide a detailed, professional report. Prospective buyers should inspect each lot to satisfy themselves as to condition and must understand that any statement made by Sotheby's is merely a subjective qualified opinion.

NOTWITHSTANDING THIS REPORT OR ANY DISCUSSIONS CONCERNING CONDITION OF A LOT, ALL LOTS ARE OFFERED AND SOLD "AS IS" IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE CONDITIONS OF SALE PRINTED IN THE CATALOGUE.


我們很高興為您提供上述拍品狀況報告。由於敝公司非專業修復人員,在此敦促您徵詢其他專業修復人員,以獲得更詳盡、專業之報告。


準買家應該檢查每件拍品以確認其狀況,蘇富比所作的任何陳述均為主觀看法而非事實陳述。雖然本狀況報告或有針對某拍品之討論,但所有拍賣品均根據印於圖錄內之業務規則以拍賣時狀況出售。



For more information on and additional videos for this lot, please contact Cindy.Qi@sothebys.com.

Provenance

Collection of Stephen Junkunc, III (d. 1978).


來源

史蒂芬•瓊肯三世(1978年逝)收藏


Catalogue Note

Outstanding for the playful yet dynamic rendering of the mythical beast and its impressive size, this carving successfully captures the supernatural vitality of the creature. The notched spine and muscular body which is poised as though ready for action, along with the pronounced eyes and curled features such as its beard, tail and ears, display the technical expertise of its carver. Highly tactile in its smooth finish and impeccably modeled in the round, this carving would have been particularly favored by the jade connoisseur.


The development of sculptures of mythical creatures occurred during the Han dynasty (206 BC-220 AD) when they began to appear in large numbers in durable materials, such as stone and jade. They were placed along the path to, and inside, tombs to pacify the elemental and supernatural forces of the world. This tradition further flourished during the Six Dynasties when immense fabulous beasts drawn from the spiritual world were produced on a grand scale outside the tombs near Nanjing. Simultaneously, an artistic tradition of creating jade animals of this type, but on a smaller scale, emerged. In contrast to the earlier two-dimensional jade carvings made for the afterlife or to adorn the individual, these creatures were modelled in the round as artistic objects and to provide the owner with a constant and concrete realization of the powerful supernatural forces in the world. As a result, carvings of mythical creatures continued to abound throughout Chinese history, of which the present is an exquisite example.


A number of carvings of recumbent mythical creatures rendered in a similar stylized manner include a closely related example, but with the head turned, published in Compendium of the Cultural Relics in the Collection of the Summer Palace, Beijing, 2018, pp 98-99 (fig. 1); and a smaller forward-facing version, in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, included in Denise Leidy et. al., 'Chinese Decorative Arts', The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, Summer 1997, p. 25.


Compare also the exaggerated facial features and body of a jade mythical creature, in the Qing Court Collection and still in Beijing, included in The Complete Collection of Treasures of the Palace Museum. Jadeware III, Hong Kong, 1995, pl. 93; another, attributed to the Ming period, published in Jadewares Collected by Tianjin Museum, Beijing, 2012, pl. 173, together with a seated version, pl. 172; another sold at Christie's Hong Kong, 3rd June 2015, lot 3188; and another, from the Muwen Tang Collection, sold in our Hong Kong rooms, 1st December 2016, lot 38.


本品黃玉擺件,瑞獸形象靈動如生,尺寸碩大,脊柱凹凸起伏有致,肌理分明,如箭在弦,隨時準備躍動,雙眼炯炯有神,獸鬚、尾、耳等各處細緻無不展示玉匠卓藝。此擺件打磨光潤,圓雕技法高超,必為識玉者鍾愛。


瑞獸造像,發展於漢代,多見於石刻或玉雕等材質。石獸多置於陵道旁邊,供奉天地神明,此傳統於六朝期間發展更盛,南京陵墓前,守護靈獸造像尺寸碩大,氣勢懾人。同時期尺寸較小之相近玉雕瑞獸亦開始出現,漸成傳統,而且以立體圓雕為主,與早期玉雕多為平面造型形成對比,意為物主展示宇宙天地之超自然力量。因此,自古以來瑞獸雕像製作不斷,本品正屬臻例。


可比較一黃玉瑞獸例,風格造型與本品極近,但作顧首狀,載於《頤和園藏文物大系•玉器卷I》,北京,2018年,頁98至99(圖一)。另見一相類例,藏於紐約大都會藝術博物館,獸首前望,載於Denise Leidy 等,〈Chinese Decorative Arts〉,《The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin》,1997年夏,頁25。


再可參考一瑞獸例,清宮舊藏,現存北京故宮博物院,載於《故宮博物院藏文物珍品全集•玉器(下)》,香港, 1995年,圖版93;另一例斷代明,載於《天津博物館藏玉》,北京,2012年,圖版173,同書並載另一坐像例,圖版172;亦見一例,售於香港佳士得2015年6月3日,編號3188;再比一例,出自沐文堂收藏,售於香港蘇富比2016年12月1日,編號38。

 A LARGE YELLOW AND RUSSET JADE CARVING OF A MYTHICAL BEAST,  QING DYNASTY, QIANLONG PERIOD
A LARGE YELLOW AND RUSSET JADE CARVING OF A MYTHICAL BEAST, QING DYNASTY, QIANLONG PERIOD
Lot Closed