A CELADON AND RUSSET JADE ARCHAISTIC HANGING VASE AND COVER
17TH CENTURY OR EARLIER
of archaistic you form, the flattened pear-shaped body raised on a slightly splayed foot, the neck flanked by a pair of stylized ruyi handles interlinked with a long arched swing handle, carved around the body with a broad band of vertical ribs between bands of scrolls, the domed cover with a band of pendent lappets surmounted by a lotus bud-form finial, the stone of a pale greenish-celadon tone with areas of russet and natural inclusions (2)
Height 8⅜ in., 21.2 cm
The cover has a restored chip mostly to the inside rim, measuring approx. 2.2 cm wide. One corner of the knop possibly with a repolished loss and recarved. Minute scattered nicks to the edges and minor natural fissures to the stone, as can be expected.
In response to your inquiry, we are pleased to provide you with a general report of the condition of the property described above. Since we are not professional conservators or restorers, we urge you to consult with a restorer or conservator of your choice who will be better able to provide a detailed, professional report. Prospective buyers should inspect each lot to satisfy themselves as to condition and must understand that any statement made by Sotheby's is merely a subjective qualified opinion.
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Collection of Stephen Junkunc, III (d. 1978).
This vessel embodies the endless creativity of Qing craftsmen in its modernization of an archaic form and design. Continuing the Song tradition of reinterpreting large archaic ritual bronzes into relatively small jade vessels, this you form vase is carved with two familiar archaic designs: a simplified leiwen-inspired scroll and a broad band of vertical ribs.
In response to the ‘vulgarization’ of Chinese jade carving in the 18th century, characterized by decorative objects with ornate high-relief designs, the Qianlong Emperor commissioned a large number of jades which were inspired by the forms and designs of antiquity. Jade carvers were encouraged to move away from the ‘new style’ by studying archaic bronze vessels in the Palace collection or in illustrated woodblock prints and adapting them to the medium of jade. See an archaic bronze you of broader proportions, similarly cast with a wide band of ribbing between bands of birds, attributed to the early Western Zhou period, from the Avery Brundage Collection, now in the Asian Art Museum of San Francisco, published in Jessica Rawson, Western Zhou Ritual Bronzes from the Arthur M. Sackler Collections, vol. IIB, Washington D.C., 1990, fig. 72.1.
It is rare to find jade vases fashioned with the vertical ribs design; for vessels of related form but carved with various archaistic motifs, see two in the Palace Museum, Beijing, one with a taotie design, included in The Complete Collection of Treasures of the Palace Museum. Jadeware (III), Hong Kong, 1995, pl. 152, and the other with stiff leaves below a bird band, illustrated in Zhongguo yuqi quanji, vol. 6, Shijiazhuang, pl. 247.
Vertical ribs are found on jade censers from the Ming dynasty; see a gui-form example attributed to the Ming dynasty, in the Qing Court Collection and still in Beijing, published in The Complete Collection of Treasures of the Palace Museum. Jadeware (II), Hong Kong, 1995, pl. 182; and another from the Robert Youngman Collection, sold in these rooms, 19th March 2019, lot 227.
鑑於十八世紀玉雕以繁縟為尚，雖精雕細琢，但缺少古韻，乾隆帝令玉匠研究宮中珍藏古代青銅器或木刻印本，仿其神韻，增添新意，創作玉器。參考一西周初青銅卣，飾鳥紋及相類豎直條紋，現藏於舊金山亞洲藝術博物館，Avery Brundage 收藏，載於傑西卡•羅森，《Western Zhou Ritual Bronzes from the Arthur M. Sackler Collections》，卷IIB，華盛頓，1990年，圖72.1。
此類豎直條紋可見於明代玉爐之上。參考一簋式爐例，斷代明，清宮舊藏，現藏北京故宮博物院，載於《故宮博物院藏文物珍品全集•玉器（中）》，香港， 1995 年，圖版182；另一例出自楊門收藏，售於紐約蘇富比2019年3月19日，編號227。