View full screen - View 1 of Lot 577. A BRONZE FIGURE OF A BUFFALO, WESTERN ZHOU PERIOD .
577

A BRONZE FIGURE OF A BUFFALO, WESTERN ZHOU PERIOD

A BRONZE FIGURE OF A BUFFALO, WESTERN ZHOU PERIOD

A BRONZE FIGURE OF A BUFFALO, WESTERN ZHOU PERIOD

A BRONZE FIGURE OF A BUFFALO

WESTERN ZHOU PERIOD 

西周 青銅牛



the stocky animal cast standing four square with its head turned to the left, the body with a pattern of recessed F-shaped motifs, with spirals to the hind and forelegs, the short tail curled over the near flank, the head with its mouth agape to reveal the teeth, with two long grooved horns and a diamond motif on the forehead, the underside open, the legs of hollow C-section, the bronze patinated to a smooth pale green tone 


Length 10 in., 25 cm

A few expected casting flaws throughout. Its right side of the neck, right shoulder, right belly, the hips have restored patches. There's a restored break to its right foreleg.


些許燒造瑕疵。獸頸右部、右肩、右腹及臀部區域見修補。右前腿曾斷經修。X光片可向部門索取。


X-ray film is available upon request.


For more information on and additional videos for this lot, please contact Cindy.Qi@sothebys.com.


我們很高興為您提供上述拍品狀況報告。由於敝公司非專業修復人員,在此敦促您徵詢其他專業修復人員,以獲得更詳盡、專業之報告。

準買家應該檢查每件拍品以確認其狀況,蘇富比所作的任何陳述均為主觀看法而非事實陳述。雖然本狀況報告或有針對某拍品之討論,但所有拍賣品均根據印於圖錄內之業務規則以拍賣時狀況出售。


In response to your inquiry, we are pleased to provide you with a general report of the condition of the property described above. Since we are not professional conservators or restorers, we urge you to consult with a restorer or conservator of your choice who will be better able to provide a detailed, professional report. Prospective buyers should inspect each lot to satisfy themselves as to condition and must understand that any statement made by Sotheby's is merely a subjective qualified opinion.

NOTWITHSTANDING THIS REPORT OR ANY DISCUSSIONS CONCERNING CONDITION OF A LOT, ALL LOTS ARE OFFERED AND SOLD "AS IS" IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE CONDITIONS OF SALE PRINTED IN THE CATALOGUE.

Collection of Peter O'Toole (1932-2013). 

John Sparks, London. 

Christian Deydier, Oriental Bronzes Ltd., London. 

Collection of Alan and Simone Hartman. 

Swiss Private Collection. 

Christian Deydier, Oriental Bronzes Ltd., Paris. 


來源

彼得•奧圖 (1932-2013) 收藏

John Sparks,倫敦

戴克成,東方青銅器有限公司,倫敦

Alan 及 Simone Hartman 伉儷收藏

瑞士私人收藏

戴克成,東方青銅器有限公司,巴黎

Ancient Chinese Bronze Vessels, Gilt Bronzes and Early Ceramics, Christian Deydier, Oriental Bronzes Ltd., London, 1986, cat. no. 9. 

Arts de la Chine et de l'Himalaya, Christian Deydier, Oriental Bronzes Ltd., Paris, 1997, cat. no. 4. 


展覽

《Ancient Chinese Bronze Vessels, Gilt Bronzes and Early Ceramics》,戴克成,東方青銅器有限公司,倫敦,1986年,編號9

《Arts de la Chine et de l'Himalaya》,戴克成,東方青銅器有限公司,巴黎,1997年,編號4

Robustly cast in the form of a buffalo, this figure embodies the characteristics of Zhou sculpture, demonstrating the craftsmen's attempt to capture the vital energy of creatures rather than a precise and naturalistic rendering. The muscular legs and bulky body emphasize the strength of the creature, its power accentuated by the swirling linear pattern that rises from the sturdy legs and the stylized facial features with large curled horns. The open mouth and turned head give a feeling of suspended motion or latent energy.


In its powerful depiction, this figure points to the central role buffaloes played in agriculture. Important accomplishments of the Zhou dynasty included advancements in irrigation, such as drainage, waterways, canals and dams. They developed iron tools during this time, including iron-tipped ox-drawn ploughs. Furthermore, soldiers wore either a sleeveless coat of buffalo or rhinoceros hide or boiled leather armor for protection.


A number of buffaloes of this type are recorded and are believed to have been used as stands or feet for large vessels. Some face right while others face left, indicating they came in pairs or fours. See a closely related buffalo illustrated in Tch’ou Tö-yi, Bronzes Antiques de la Chine Appartenant a C.T. Loo & Cie, Paris, 1924, pl. 19, and another, with the head turned to the right, formerly with Yamanaka & Co. and J.T. Tai Ltd., sold in these rooms 13th September 2017, lot 72. 


Related figures with sockets on the back are more commonly known; one from Earl and Irene Morse and Stoclet Collections, illustrated and exhibited on numerous occasions including the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, in 1982, was sold in these rooms, 3rd December 1986, lot 18; another was exhibited in Chinesische Kunst, Preussische Akademie de Künste, Berlin, 1929, cat. no. 9; one, from the Kunstindustrimuseum, Copenhagen, was included in The Exhibition of Early Chinese Bronzes, Museum of Far Eastern Antiquities, Stockhom, 1933, cat. no. XX; another in the Pillsbury Collection, is published in Bernhard Karlgren, A Catalogue of Chinese Bronzes in the Alfred F. Pillsbury Collection, Minneapolis, 1952, pl. 105; and a fifth example sold in our London rooms, 13th-14th November 1972, lot 230.