View full screen - View 1 of Lot 137. A RARE LARGE ARCHAIC BRONZE RITUAL FOOD VESSEL, GUI, WESTERN ZHOU DYNASTY | 西周 青銅鳳鳥紋簋.
137

A RARE LARGE ARCHAIC BRONZE RITUAL FOOD VESSEL, GUI, WESTERN ZHOU DYNASTY | 西周 青銅鳳鳥紋簋

Estimate:

80,000 - 120,000 GBP

PROPERTY OF A BELGIAN COLLECTOR | 比利時私人收藏

A RARE LARGE ARCHAIC BRONZE RITUAL FOOD VESSEL, GUI, WESTERN ZHOU DYNASTY | 西周 青銅鳳鳥紋簋

A RARE LARGE ARCHAIC BRONZE RITUAL FOOD VESSEL, GUI, WESTERN ZHOU DYNASTY | 西周 青銅鳳鳥紋簋

Estimate:

80,000 - 120,000 GBP

Lot sold:

201,600

GBP

PROPERTY OF A BELGIAN COLLECTOR

比利時私人收藏

A RARE LARGE ARCHAIC BRONZE RITUAL FOOD VESSEL, GUI

WESTERN ZHOU DYNASTY

西周 青銅鳳鳥紋簋


of large size, the wide rounded body raised on a tall splayed foot, crisply cast in relief on each side with a pair of prominent confronted birds, each with flamboyant plumed crests, with raised eyes and heads turned back towards a high plumed tail circling their bodies, all on a ground of leiwen, flanked by flanged handles with intaglio scrolls issuing from horned bovine heads set with pendant tabs, the base encircled by a narrow band of confronted stylized dragons, the inside with three pictograms zuo bao gui, the smooth surface patinated to a greenish-brown tone

Width across handles 35 cm, 13¾ in.

銘文:作寳簋

The x-ray images reveal that the gui is in overall good condition. The bronze surface on the exterior is smooth with areas of light malachite and cuprite encrustration. The interior and base with scattered areas of light brown encrustation. There are three small shallow areas of loss to the bronze on the interior, one of them patched up. There are some small frits to the rim and the foot. The rim is a little warped. The bronze patinated to a dark greenish-brown tone.


中文内容僅供參考,請以英文原版爲準。經X光檢測,整體品相良好。外壁略平,並帶幾處翠綠色鏽斑。内部及底部均有少許褐色鏽斑。内部並有三處小缺損,其一經填補。口及足部邊沿均有少許細磕。口沿另有少許彎曲現象。通體包漿顯深綠色,並略帶褐色。


For more information on and additional images for this lot, please contact Alice.Garner @sothebys.com.


如需更多細圖,請聯繫 Alice.Garner@sothebys.com


"In response to your inquiry, we are pleased to provide you with a general report of the condition of the property described above. Since we are not professional conservators or restorers, we urge you to consult with a restorer or conservator of your choice who will be better able to provide a detailed, professional report. Prospective buyers should inspect each lot to satisfy themselves as to condition and must understand that any statement made by Sotheby's is merely a subjective, qualified opinion. Prospective buyers should also refer to any Important Notices regarding this sale, which are printed in the Sale Catalogue.

NOTWITHSTANDING THIS REPORT OR ANY DISCUSSIONS CONCERNING A LOT, ALL LOTS ARE OFFERED AND SOLD AS IS" IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE CONDITIONS OF BUSINESS PRINTED IN THE SALE CATALOGUE."


我們很高興為您提供上述拍品狀況報告。由於敝公司非專業修復人員,在此敦促您向其他專業修復人員索取諮詢,以獲得更詳盡、專業之報告。

準買家應該檢查每款拍品以確認其狀況,蘇富比所作的任何陳述均為專業主觀看法而非事實陳述。準買家應參考有關該拍賣的重要通知(見圖錄)。

雖然本狀況報告或有針對某拍品之討論,但所有拍賣品均根據印於圖錄內之業務規則以拍賣時狀況出售。

Sotheby’s London, 9th December 1986, lot 14.

Gisele Croes, Brussels.

Private Collection, Brussels.

倫敦蘇富比1986年12月9日,編號14

Gisele Croes, 布魯塞爾

布魯塞爾私人收藏

Liu Yu and Lu Yan (eds.), Jin chu Yin Zhou jinwen jilu [Compilation of Recently Discovered Archaic Bronze Inscriptions], Beijing, 2002, pl. 405.

Wang Tao and Liu Yu, A Selection of Early Chinese Bronzes with Inscriptions from Sotheby's and Christie's Sales, Shanghai, 2007, pl. 85. 

Wu Zhenfeng, Shangzhou qingtongqi mingwen ji tuxiang jicheng [Compendium of inscriptions and images of bronzes from Shang and Zhou Dynasties], vol. 25, Shanghai, 2012, no. 03906.

劉雨及盧岩,《近出殷周金文集錄》,北京,2002年,圖版405

汪濤及劉雨,《流散歐美殷周有銘青銅器集錄》,上海,2007年,圖版85

吳鎮烽,《商周青銅器銘文暨圖像集成》,卷25,上海,2012年,編號03906

Pairs of large confronted birds prominently displaying flamboyant plumed crests and tails encircling the head and body fill the space on both sides of this magnificent bronze vessel. In the evolution of this particular motif the birds represented on this gui appear at the height in the middle of the Western Zhou dynasty. During the Anyang phase of the Shang dynasty, small birds occupied secondary positions in subordinate registers in the overall designs of ritual bronzes. Only in the early part of the Western Zhou period did bird motifs suddenly appear in more prominent placements on ritual vessels. Parallel to the bird motifs moving to central positions on bronzes, the sizes and forms of birds changed, an adaptation that was may have been linked to new vessel shapes such as you and gui. Tall birds with arched plumes and tails appear on vessels of more generous rounded proportions such as the present gui whose forms they enhanced. Jessica Rawson who describes the evolution of the bird motif on Western Zhou bronzes, notes that during the middle Western Zhou period large plumed birds motifs on vessels such as gui and you formed a small but influential series and enjoyed comparatively short lived popularity, see Jessica Rawson, Western Zhou Ritual Bronzes from the Arthur M. Sackler Collections, Washington, D.C., 1990, pp. 79-80. On vessels such as the present gui, confronted pairs of large birds with arched plumage create a continuous, fluid movement that presents a stark contrast to the angular compartmented designs on Shang and early Western Zhou bronzes.


Vessels cast with this particular type of large, flamboyant bird designs are rare. Compare two gui of smaller size with a very similar motif in the Freer Gallery of Art, Washington DC, published in John Alexander Pope, Rutherford John Gettens, James Cahill and Noel Barnard (eds.), The Freer Chinese Bronzes, Vol. I, Catalogue, Washington, 1967, pls. 69 and 70. Jung Keng illustrates another two gui cast with large birds in his The Bronzes of Shang and Chou, Vol. II, Yenching Journal of Chinese Studies Monograph Series No. 17, Yenching University, Beijing, 1941, pp. 146 and 147, nos. 271 and 272. Compare also closely related examples including a gui with a cover, from a mid-Western Zhou dynasty tomb excavated at Zhuangbaijia, Fufeng county, Shaanxi province, published in Zhongguo qingtongqi quanji, vol. 5, Beijing, 1996, pl. 59. A gui with a related design in the Palace Museum, Beijing, from the Qing court collection, with similar large bird on the body, is illustrated in The Complete Collection of Treasures of the Palace Museum. Bronze Ritual Vessels and Musical Instruments, Hong Kong, 2006, pl. 30.