Clinton, James. Autograph letter signed, [ca. 1779] a draft to friendly Indian tribes before the Sullivan Expedition
Clinton, James. Autograph letter signed, [ca. 1779] a draft to friendly Indian tribes before the Sullivan Expedition
Clinton, James. Autograph letter signed, [ca. 1779] a draft to friendly Indian tribes before the Sullivan Expedition
Clinton, James. Autograph letter signed, [ca. 1779] a draft to friendly Indian tribes before the Sullivan Expedition
2107

Clinton, James. Autograph letter signed, [ca. 1779] a draft to friendly Indian tribes before the Sullivan Expedition

Estimate: 7,000 - 10,000 USD

Clinton, James. Autograph letter signed, [ca. 1779] a draft to friendly Indian tribes before the Sullivan Expedition

Estimate: 7,000 - 10,000 USD

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Lot Details

Description

CLINTON, JAMES 


AUTOGRAPH LETTER SIGNED ("GENL. CLINTON"), A DRAFT OF CLINTON'S ENTREATY TO FRIENDLY NATIVE AMERICAN TRIBES IN ADVANCE OF THE SULLIVAN EXPEDITION


2 pages (11⅞ x 7¼ in.; 300 x 185 mm) on a single leaf, with numerous autograph corrections and emendations [n.p., ca. 1779]; some marginal wear, scattered minor soiling. 


James Clinton led a New York force that linked with General John Sullivan in the late summer of 1779, and thrust deep into the unknown territory of the Six Nations in New York State to punish the frontier-raiding Iroquois and dissuade them from war-making, an extended military campaign known as the Sullivan Expedition. Washington had directed the destruction of the Indian settlements and their crops as well; this was so efficiently accomplished that the Iroquois were reduced to near-starvation the following winter and never fully recovered. Sullivan's Expedition was the first large-scale military chastisement of Native Americans by the United States and it foreshadowed the use of force against them for over a century.  


Some tribes or splinter groups did not align themselves with the British, and here Clinton has diplomatically suggested that his correspondents either stay on the sidelines, or provide only that help with which they were comfortable: "Our present expedition is Intended to Chastise those Nations who have broke their faith with us and Joined our Enemies — the Force we have is quite Sufficient for that purpose ... In order to give all our Indian friends an eaqual Chance of Evidencing their Spirit and Determination to partake of our Fortune... It is not that I have given you this Invitation for want of Warriours, but that every Warriour who is a friend to these United States may have an Eaqual opportunity of punishing the Enemies of our Country."

Condition Report

2 pages (11⅞ x 7¼ in.; 300 x 185 mm) on a single leaf, with numerous autograph corrections and emendations [n.p., ca. 1779]; some marginal wear, scattered minor soiling.


In response to your inquiry, we are pleased to provide you with a general report of the condition of the property described above. Since we are not professional conservators or restorers, we urge you to consult with a restorer or conservator of your choice who will be better able to provide a detailed, professional report. Prospective buyers should inspect each lot to satisfy themselves as to condition and must understand that any statement made by Sotheby's is merely a subjective qualified opinion.

NOTWITHSTANDING THIS REPORT OR ANY DISCUSSIONS CONCERNING CONDITION OF A LOT, ALL LOTS ARE OFFERED AND SOLD "AS IS" IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE CONDITIONS OF SALE PRINTED IN THE CATALOGUE.


Fine Manuscript and Printed Americana
Live Auction Begins:27 Jan 2020 | 07:00 PM GMT