46
46
An Empire point de Savonnerie carpet, circa 1806-1810, the design attributed to the architect Louis de La Hamayde de Saint-Ange, probably woven by manufacture Piat Lefebvre in Tournai
Estimate
80,000120,000
LOT SOLD. 81,250 EUR
JUMP TO LOT
46
An Empire point de Savonnerie carpet, circa 1806-1810, the design attributed to the architect Louis de La Hamayde de Saint-Ange, probably woven by manufacture Piat Lefebvre in Tournai
Estimate
80,000120,000
LOT SOLD. 81,250 EUR
JUMP TO LOT

Details & Cataloguing

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An Empire point de Savonnerie carpet, circa 1806-1810, the design attributed to the architect Louis de La Hamayde de Saint-Ange, probably woven by manufacture Piat Lefebvre in Tournai
centered with a six-branch star within a star border and a laurel border, decorated with two Jupiter's eagles holding thunderbolt on a vase with scrolls and blossomed cornucopia, in a star and oak leaves border
500 x 400 cm ; 200 x 157 in.
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Literature

Related literature:
Dumonthier, Recueil de dessins de tapis et de tapisseries d'ameublement du mobilier de la Couronne, pl.6
E. Floret, "Une manufacture méconnue Piat Lefebvre" in L'Estampille Objet d'Art n°243, January 1991, p.77
E. Floret, "Les Tapis français" in Tapis dans le monde, Mengès, 1996, p. 254
Tapis d'Empire. Maquettes de la Collection Marmottan, Norma, 2003
Symboles des Pouvoirs sous l'Empire, exh. cat. Musée des Arts Décoratifs, Vilo, April-October 2008

Catalogue Note

The French Revolution left the Garde-Meuble in a critical situation. For social and economic reasons, Napoléon, crowned emperor in 1804, decided to refurbish the imperial palaces in order to help the French manufactures. Due to this wake of orders, the carpet manufactures took a new start which this lot illustrates perfectly. The Napoleonic emblems convey this renewal.

The Napoleonic emblems
The new emblems chosen by the Emperor to spread his dynastic project were confirmed by decree on 10 July 1804, namely Jupiter’s eagle, the stars, the laurel and oak leaves symbolising political and military power, as well as the cornucopias representing peace and fortune thanks to victory and glory. The six-branch star on this carpet is different from that of the Légion d’Honneur: this may be because this carpet was not aimed for military or official place, but rather for a civilian and fashionable interior.

Similar prestigious examples
The symbols mentioned above can be found on important French carpets, as the one from the Tuileries Salle du Trône, woven for the wedding of Napoléon and Marie-Louise circa 1806-1810, now in the Louvre (inv. OA 10284). The large carpet said « des Cohortes », realised in Tournai by the Piat Lefebvre manufacture for the Emperor’s Grand Cabinet at Saint-Cloud and now in the Mobilier National, is decorated with the same emblems.

Jacques-Louis de La Hamayde de Saint-Ange (1780- 1860) and the Piat Lefebvre manufacture
The common thread of these carpets is an architect named Louis de La Hamayde de Saint-Ange, said Saint-Ange, designer for the Garde-Meuble since the early 1800s and pupil of the architects Percier and Fontaine. His work is published by Ernest Dumonthier in the Recueil des dessins de tapis et tapisseries du Mobilier de la Couronne mainly intended to the workshops of the Savonnerie manufacture. Nevertheless, Saint-Ange also provided private manufactures, such as Sallandrouze de Lamornaix in Paris and Aubusson, or Piat Lefebvre in Tournai, with unsigned projects. This explains why we can connect the design of this carpet to his work.

The texture and the execution of this carpet may be attributed to the Piat Lefebvre manufacture, whose exports to Germany, Italy, Russia and America lead to a considerable rise. The client could choose between variants of drawings and three levels of quality, such as the « façon de savonnerie, superfin » as in this case.

Excellence

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