Lot 112
  • 112

Dan Flavin

70,000 - 100,000 GBP
239,000 GBP
bidding is closed


  • Dan Flavin
  • Untitled (to Annette Borgmann)
  • pink, blue, and yellow fluorescent tubes


Karsten Schubert, London
Acquired from the above by the present owner in 1988


Munich, Galerie Tanit, Dan Flavin, Don Judd, Sol LeWitt, March - May 1985, no. 111
London, Karsten Schubert, Dan Flavin: Early Works, May - June 1988, no. 111


Michael Govan and Tiffany Bell, Dan Flavin: The Complete Lights, 1961-1996, New Haven and London 2004, p. 251, no. 112, illustrated in colour (artist's diagram)

Catalogue Note

"There was no need to compose this lamp in place; it implanted itself directly, dynamically, dramatically in my workroom wall—a buoyant and relentless gaseous image which, through brilliance, betrayed its physical presence into approximate invisibility."
Dan Flavin
Cited in: '... in daylight or cool white', Artforum, December 1965, online.

Dan Flavin’s use of light tubes as an autonomous medium has cemented his place as a pioneer of light art. Restricting his visual vocabulary to a limited palette of colours, the artist’s neon lights are among the most recognisable pieces of American Minimalist Art.  Executed in 1966, Untitled (to Annette Borgman) is a geometrical arrangement of Flavin’s ‘primary colours’: pink, yellow and blue. This outstanding wall piece surrounds the space with breath-taking light, reminiscent of a Mondrian composition.

The present piece has a particularly interesting history. In 1966, two copies of Untitled (to Annette Borgmann) were created for an exhibition at Galerie Rudolf Zwirner in Cologne. Both pieces were dedicated to the wife of Thomas Borgmann, who at the time worked at the gallery when Flavin installed his exhibition there. The Italian gallerist Gian Enzo Sperone acquired one of the works, and a year later in 1967 it was included in an exhibition at his gallery in Milan. As Flavin did not install the piece himself and did not recognise the exhibition, he later reconstructed the present work for the Italian collector who purchased the work from Galleria Sperone. The drawing accompanying the work is inscribed “for Anna and Gian Maria / with best regards / Dan Flavin / reconstruction to situation / 3/14/68”. The work is further accompanied by a certificate of authenticity.