Lot 1
  • 1

North German, circa 1120-1140

Estimate
40,000 - 60,000 GBP
Sold
338,500 GBP
bidding is closed

Description

  • Virgin and Child
  • polychromed limewood, on a polychromed cedar base
  • 89cm., 35in.

Provenance

Mikhail Petrovich Botkin (1839-1914), Saint Petersburg, until 1911;
Adolphe Stoclet (1871-1949), Brussels, before 1949;
Mme Feron-Stoclet, Brussels, by 1954

Exhibited

Antwerp, Musée Royal des Beaux-Arts, La Madone dans l'art, 1954, no. 117;
Utrecht, Centraal Museum, De Madonna in de kunst, 1954, no. 3

Literature

L. Einhaus, 'Porträt einer romanischen Muttergottes', Frankfurter allgemeine Zeitung, 14 January 1955;
G. A. Salles, Adolphe Stoclet collection (part 1). Selection of the works belonging to Madame Feron-Stoclet, Brussels, 1956, pp. 192-195

Catalogue Note

The drapery style of the present Virgin and Child follows the strict tight vertical and well delineated pleats of Byzantine models. However, there is a more lively sideways posture of the Christ Child and the cascading folds at the base of the Virgin's robe are softer. Compare the tight pleats of her robe with the perizonium on the figure of Christ at Benninghausen, North Rhine-Westphalia dated to 1070-1080 and a gravestone at Enger bei Bielefeld, also North-Rhine Westphalia, of the same date and both illustrated by Budde (1979, op.cit.). Compare also with Cologne workshop figures from the late 11th and 12th century found in Northern Germany and Southern Sweden (see Budde, 2007, op.cit.). 

RELATED LITERATURE
H.Beenken, Romanische Skulptur in Deutschland, Leipzig, 1924, p.46, no. 25; R. Budde, Deutsche Romanische Skulptur 1050-1250, Munich, 1979, pls. 16, 17, 38, 78 and 79; T. Budde, Skulptur um 1200. Das Kolner Atelier der Viklau-Madonna auf Gotland und der asthetische Wandel in der 2. Halfte des 12 Jahrhunderts, Fulda, 2007, fig. 48

Radiocarbon dating measurement report no. RCD-8287, prepared by Jill Walker of RCD RadioCarbon Dating, East Lockinge, dd. 28 August 2014, states that the wood dates between 981 and 1164 (95% confidence interval).

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