Homer, Iliad, in Greek, epic verse in dactylic hexameters, manuscript on papyrus [Egypt, first century BC. to first century AD.]
Dr. Anton Fackelmann (1916-85), acquired in Cairo in 1969 as part of mummy cartonnage (his no.36); acquired from his heirs in 1998: Schøyen MS 2628.
A substantial fragment of the single most influential literary text in the Western world, from a copy contemporary with Virgil and Cicero. Homer's account of the siege and fall of Troy is the foundation stone of European culture. The text is usually dated to c.850 BC., and consensus agrees that it was composed some decades before the Odyssey. It was extremely popular in antiquity, and remained so throughout the Greek speaking world in the early Middle Ages. Many hundreds of fragments survive. The present pieces, unlike many Homer fragments from antiquity, are in a fine uncial bookhand, and are most probably the work of a professional scribe for a patron rather than a writing exercise.
literaturePapyrologica Florentina: Papyri Graecae Schøyen, 35 (2005), pp.9-14