Quite a number of works by Rutilio Manetti in oil on paper have survived, and he seems to have favoured this technique in making modelli
for his painted compositions. These oil on paper studies are, like the present example, strongly reminiscent of the style of Francesco Vanni (1563-1610) and Ventura Salimbeni (1568- 1613), with the latter of whom Manetti collaborated especially closely. Painted with fluid and luminous brush strokes, this study can be associated stylistically with other works by the artist, and a particularly close comparison can be drawn with the oil on paper attributed to Manetti by Philip Pouncey, St. Gerard in ecstasy assisting a mass,
in the Royal Collection at Windsor Castle.1
The Windsor drawing is preparatory for a documented fresco by the artist, datable to circa
From 1620, or just before, Manetti's style evolves in a slightly different direction, showing the influences of Bolognese and Roman sources, and a debt to the art of Guercino and Caravaggio.
1. Windsor Castle, Royal Collection, inv. no. 3498; A. Blunt in E. Schilling, German Drawings at Windsor Castle and Supplements to the catalogues of the Italian and French Drawings, London and New York, 1971, p. 95, no. 280; Rutilio Manetti, exhib. cat., Siena, Palazzo Pubblico, 1978, p. 140, no. 77, reproduced