Folio (21 1/2 x 15 1/4 in.; 546 x 387 mm). BINDING: Expertly bound to style in half eighteenth century Russia over period marbled paper covered boards, spine with raised bands in seven compartments, red morocco lettering piece in the second, the others with a repeat decoration in gilt.
Some spotting, minor chips to corners of maps, not affecting image, expert repairs to margins of map 6 and fold of map 14, closed tear to map 21.
Jefferys was the leading English cartographer of the 18th century. From about 1750, he published a series of maps of the English American colonies, that were among the most significant produced in the period. As Geographer to the Prince of Wales, and after 1761, Geographer to the King, Jefferys was well placed to have access to the best surveys conducted in America, and many of his maps held the status of "official work." Jefferys died on 20th November 1771, and in 1775, his successors, Robert Sayer and John Bennett, gathered these separately-issued maps together and republished them in book form as The American Atlas. Following Sayer's death, the plates were inherited by Laurie and Whittle, who re-issued the atlas with some interesting additions and changes. The present 1794 issue is particularly rare, and includes unrecorded or intermediate states of several maps.
The maps are as follows. Many of the maps are on several sheets, and in the Index, each individual sheet is numbered, the measurements refer to the image sizes.
1-3. Meade, Braddock [John Green]. A Chart of North and South America, including the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Publish'd ... 21st June 1790, by Robert Sayer. Six sheets joined into three folding sheets. This issue not listed by Stevens & Tree, but see 4 for earlier issues. This great wall map was chiefly issued to expose the errors in Delisle and Buache's map of the Pacific Northwest, published in Paris in 1752.
4. Imperial Academy of St. Petersburg. The Russian Discoveries. Published ... March 2d 1775. One double-page sheet.
5-6. Bowen, E., and John Gibson. A New and Correct Map of North America, and the West India Islands. Divided according to the Preliminary Articles of Peace ... wherein are particularly distinguished the United States ... Corrected from the Original Materials of Governr. Pownall. Printed for Robt. Sayer ... August 15th 1786. Four sheets joined into two folding sheets. Pownall's map, a later issue of the updated version that took into account the results of the Versailles peace treaty of January 1783. Stevens & Tree 49 (j)
7. Sayer, Robert. The United States of North America with the British Possessions of Canada ... also the Spanish Territories of Louisiana and Florida. Printed for Robert Sayer ... 1st January 1790. Double-page. Intermediate issue, not listed by Stevens & Tree, but see 51 (d) and (e), for an earlier and later issues. It is interesting to note that the American flag surmounting the cartouche contains just 13 stars — Vermont did not join the Federal Union until 1791.
8. Dunn, Samuel. A New Map of the United States of North America. Printed for Robt. Sayer ...10 June 1786. Single sheet. Stevens & Tree 53 (d)
9. Jefferys, Thomas. "An Exact Chart of the River St. Laurence from Fort Frontenac to the Island of Anticosti". Printed for Robt. Sayer... 25 May 1775. Two sheets joined into one folding sheet. Stevens & Tree 76 (d)
10. Sayer & Bennett. A Chart of the Gulf of St. Laurence. Printed for & Sold by Robert Sayer ... 1 August 1786. Double-page.
11. A Map of the Island of St. John in the Gulf of St. Laurence. Printed for Robt. Sayer ... [No date]. Double-page.
12. Cook, James, and Michael Lane. A General Chart of the Island of Newfoundland. Published ... 10th May 1775 by Thomas Jefferys ... Printed for Robt. Sayer. Double-page.
13. A Chart of the Banks of Newfoundland. Printed for & Sold by Robt. Sayer ... 26th March 1787. Double-page, based on the surveys of James Cook, Chabert and Fleurieu.
14. Meade, Braddock [John Green]. A New Map of Nova Scotia and Cape Breton Island with the Adjacent Parts of New England and Canada. Printed & Sold by R. Sayer ... 1 Augt. 1786. Double-page. Originally published in 1755, at the beginning of the French and Indian War, this map "proved to be important in evaluating respective French and English claims to this part of North America" (Ristow). England gained sole possession of the region by the Treaty of Paris, 1763. Stevens & Tree 66 (k)
15-16. Meade, Braddock [John Green]. A Map of the Most Inhabited Part of New England. Publish'd 12 May 1794 by Laurie & Whittle. Four sheets joined into two folding sheets. The first large-scale map of New England. "The most detailed and informative pre-Revolutionary map of New England ... not really supplanted until the nineteenth century" (New England Prospect, 13). Stevens & Tree 33 (f)
17. Holland, [Samuel], Capt. The Provinces of New York and New Jersey, with Part of Pensilvania. Printed for Robt. Sayer & John Bennett 17 Augt. 1776. Two sheets joined to form one folding sheet, 3 insets: A plan of the City of New York, A chart of the Mouth of Hudson's River, and A Plan of Amboy. An important large-scale map of the Provinces of New York and New Jersey, by Samuel Holland, Surveyor General for the Northern English colonies. With fine insets including a street plan of colonial New York City. Stevens & Tree 44 (e)
18. Brassier. A Survey of Lake Champlain. Printed for Robert Sayer ... 1 Jany. 1788. Double-page. An intermediate issue not listed by Stevens & Tree, but see Stevens & Tree 25 (b) and 25 (c) for earlier and later issues. Like Stevens & Tree 25 (c) this issue has the title in a cartouche and added noted re. Lake Champlain.
19. Carver. A New and Correct Map of the Province of Quebec. Printed for Robert Sayer ... 1 Jan. 1788. Double-page. Stevens & Tree 73 (b).
20. Scull, William. A Map of Pennsylvania Exhibiting not only the Improved Parts of the Province but also its Extensive Frontiers. Printed for Robt. Sayer & J. Bennett ... Published ... 10 June 1775. Two sheets joined to form one folding sheet. The first map of the Province of Pennsylvania to include its western frontier. All earlier maps had focused solely on the settled eastern parts of the colony.
21-22. Fry, Joshua, and Peter Jefferson. A Map of the Most Inhabited Part of Virginia, containing the Whole Province of Maryland ... Drawn by Joshua Fry and Peter Jefferson in 1775 [sic]. Printed for Robt. Sayer, [no date]. Four sheets joined into two folding sheets. An intermediate issue not listed by Stevens & Tree, but see Stevens & Tree 87 (f) and 87 (g) for issues printed before and afterwards. "The basic cartographical document of Virginia in the eighteenth century ... the first to depict accurately the interior regions of Virginia beyond the Tidewater. [It] dominated the cartographical representation of Virginia until the nineteenth century" (Verner.)
23-24. Mouzon, Henry. An Accurate Map of North and South Carolina with their Indian Frontiers. Published by Laurie & Whittle ... 12th May 1794. Four sheets joined into two folding sheets. "The chief type map for [the Carolinas] during the forty or fifty years following its publication. It was used by both British and American forces during the Revolutionary War" (Cumming, 450). Stevens & Tree 11 (b)
25. Jefferys, Thomas. The Coast of West Florida and Loisiana ... The Peninsula and Gulf of Florida. [Imprint indistinct, but dated 1775]. Two sheets joined into one folding sheet. The imprint is indistinct but the date allied with the presence of the name Bay of Spiritu Santo, both suggest Stevens & Tree 26 (b). A large-scale map of Florida, based upon the extensive surveys conducted since the region became an English possession by the Treaty of Paris (1763). Cf. Stevens & Tree 26 (b)
26. Ross, Lt. Course of the Mississipi ... Taken on an Expedition to the Illinois, in the latter end of the Year 1765. Published by Laurie & Whittle ... 12th May 1794. Two sheet joined into one folding sheet. The first large-scale map of the Mississippi River, and the first based in whole or part upon English surveys. Stevens & Tree 31 (c)
27. Jefferys, Thomas. The Bay of Honduras. Printed for Robt. Sayer ... 20 Feby. 1775. Double-page.
28-29. D'Anville, J.B.B. A Map of South America ... Printed for Robert Sayer ... July the 1st 1787. Four sheets joined into two folding sheets.
30. Cano, Cruz [etc.]. A Chart of the Straits of Magellan. Printed for R. Sayer and J. Bennett ... 1st July 1775. Double-page.
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