The coronation of Charles X in May 1825 was organised in every respect like that of his brother Louis XVI, sending a signal that he intended to revive the Ancien Régime
. A portrait showing him with full royal insignia, destined to be reproduced in numerous versions, was an indispensable complement to the ceremony. It was only natural that Gérard openly took his inspiration for this symbolic portrait from models created under the Ancien Régime
, as he had done a few years earlier for a portrait of Louis XVIII who, though never anointed, also wished to be shown with all the royal insignia.
Portrayed life-size, the sovereign stands beside the throne, wearing his coronation robes. He holds the sceptre in his right hand, its tip resting on a stool beside the royal crown and a 'hand of justice' sceptre.
Several versions of this famous portrait exist, notably at Versailles, in the Musée du Louvre, in the Wellington Museum (London) and in the Bowes Museum (Barnard Castle).