Saint Raymond of Peñafort was a Dominican who went to Mallorca with the lustful King James I of Aragon, who had promised the Saint that he would not give into temptation. The King inevitably broke his promise and did not dismiss his concubines, which made Saint Raymond want to leave the island. In retaliation, King James said he would punish any ship captain that would take the Saint to Barcelona. This painting depicts the moment the Saint is able to miraculously escape by sailing on his cloak through the seas for six hours until reaching Barcelona.
We are grateful to Dr. Massimo Francucci for suggesting the attribution to Antonio Tempesta after firsthand inspection. He suggests that this painting could be dated to the first decade of the 16th century.