While the present sheet is fractionally smaller than the Fondazione Horne drawing, and executed in red, rather than black chalk, the proximity of mark making is so close between the two that it seems plausible that the artist responsible for the present work had access to Raphael's original drawing.
Raphael's two most talented assistants during this period of his career were Giulio Romano and Gianfrancesco Penni, both of whom established significant reputations of their own, following Raphael's untimely death in 1520. Whilst the name of Giulio has historically been associated with this drawing, there are few chalk drawings by him from this early period in his career, with which to make a meaningful comparison.
1. E. Knab, E. Mitsch and K. Oberhuber, Raphael, I Disegni, Florence 1983, p. 615, no. 379, fig. 379, reproduced
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