The scene shows the young David returning to Jerusalem, denoted by the city walls, after his triumph over the Philistine hero, Goliath. From the city six figures rush out with musical instruments to cheer his success and the Israelites' victory, in much the same way as the citizens of Jerusalem were to celebrate Christ's entry into the city some centuries later. In the distance the Vale of Elah can be made out, where the battle between the Israelites and Philistines was fought, as well as Bethlehem, making explicit the identification of David as the precursor of Christ.
The attractive maiden to the right playing the tambourine recalls the physiognomy, as well as the richly-embroidered dress, of the figure of Justice in Antiveduto's Justice and Peace embracing, the present whereabouts of which are unknown.1 Several other works by the artist include the theme of music and musical instruments, including the Saint Cecilia with two angels in the Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna.2
1. G. Papi, Antiveduto Gramatica, Soncino 1995, p. 120, cat. no. 69, reproduced fig. 42.
2. Ibid., p. 106, cat. no. 40, reproduced fig. 27.
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