The present painting is one of four recorded versions by Francken and Govaerts which depict a central Madonna and Child
in a landscape setting, surrounded by biblical vignettes in grisaille
. The other versions are in the Musée des Beaux-Arts, Dijon (inv. no. 103);1
the National Gallery of Slovenia, Ljubljana (NGS 811);2
and a private collection, Spain.3
These seem to be based on an initial collaboration between Jan Brueghel the Younger and Francken himself, which is today in the Museo Civico, Vicenza (inv. no. A743).4
It would appear that these later versions, dated to the 1620s, were a continuation of this type, with the figures and grisaille
executed by Francken, and the landscape by collaborators such as Govaerts. Other versions executed with different collaborators have appeared on the market, such as that by Francken and Jan van Kessel, which sold London, Christie's, 21 July 1972, lot 116.
1 Härting 1989, p. 266, cat. no. 130.
2 F. Zeri and K. Rozman, Tuji slikarji od 14. do 20. stoletja, Ljubljana 1983, pp. 158–59, cat. no. 88, reproduced fig. 86.
3 Härting 1989, p. 266, cat. no. 129, reproduced.
4 F. Barbieri, Il Museo Civico di Vicenza, Venice 1962, vol. 8, pp. 203–05, cat. no. A743, reproduced.