1034
1034

亞洲重要私人收藏

常玉
盆花
估價
Premium Lots
In order to bid on "Premium Lots" you must complete the required Premium Lot preregistration application and deliver to Sotheby's such necessary financial references, guarantees, deposits and/ or such other security as Sotheby's may in its absolute discretion require, as security for your bid. Sotheby's decision whether to accept any pre-registration application shall be final. We recommend you contact Sotheby's at least 3 working days prior to the relevant sale in order to process the pre-registration, and please bear in mind that we are unable to obtain financial references over weekends or public holidays. If all lots in the catalogue are "Premium Lots", a Special Notice will be included to this effect and the paddle symbol will not be used.
Irrevocable Bids
Lots with this symbol indicate that a party has provided Sotheby’s with an irrevocable bid on the lot that will be executed during the sale at a value that ensures that the lot will sell. The irrevocable bidder, who may bid in excess of the irrevocable bid, will be compensated based on the final hammer price in the event he or she is not the successful bidder or may receive a fixed fee in the event he or she is the successful bidder. If the irrevocable bidder is the successful bidder, the fixed fee (if applicable) for providing the irrevocable bid may be netted against the irrevocable bidder’s obligation to pay the full purchase price for the lot and the purchase price reported for the lot shall be net of such fixed fee. If the irrevocable bid is not secured until after the printing of the auction catalogue, a pre-lot announcement will be made indicating that there is an irrevocable bid on the lot. If the irrevocable bidder is advising anyone with respect to the lot, Sotheby’s requires the irrevocable bidder to disclose his or her financial interest in the lot. If an agent is advising you or bidding on your behalf with respect to a lot identified as being subject to an irrevocable bid, you should request that the agent disclose whether or not he or she has a financial interest in the lot.
28,000,00040,000,000
拍品已售 43,639,500 港幣 成交價 (含買家佣金)
前往
1034

亞洲重要私人收藏

常玉
盆花
估價
Premium Lots
In order to bid on "Premium Lots" you must complete the required Premium Lot preregistration application and deliver to Sotheby's such necessary financial references, guarantees, deposits and/ or such other security as Sotheby's may in its absolute discretion require, as security for your bid. Sotheby's decision whether to accept any pre-registration application shall be final. We recommend you contact Sotheby's at least 3 working days prior to the relevant sale in order to process the pre-registration, and please bear in mind that we are unable to obtain financial references over weekends or public holidays. If all lots in the catalogue are "Premium Lots", a Special Notice will be included to this effect and the paddle symbol will not be used.
Irrevocable Bids
Lots with this symbol indicate that a party has provided Sotheby’s with an irrevocable bid on the lot that will be executed during the sale at a value that ensures that the lot will sell. The irrevocable bidder, who may bid in excess of the irrevocable bid, will be compensated based on the final hammer price in the event he or she is not the successful bidder or may receive a fixed fee in the event he or she is the successful bidder. If the irrevocable bidder is the successful bidder, the fixed fee (if applicable) for providing the irrevocable bid may be netted against the irrevocable bidder’s obligation to pay the full purchase price for the lot and the purchase price reported for the lot shall be net of such fixed fee. If the irrevocable bid is not secured until after the printing of the auction catalogue, a pre-lot announcement will be made indicating that there is an irrevocable bid on the lot. If the irrevocable bidder is advising anyone with respect to the lot, Sotheby’s requires the irrevocable bidder to disclose his or her financial interest in the lot. If an agent is advising you or bidding on your behalf with respect to a lot identified as being subject to an irrevocable bid, you should request that the agent disclose whether or not he or she has a financial interest in the lot.
28,000,00040,000,000
拍品已售 43,639,500 港幣 成交價 (含買家佣金)
前往

拍品詳情

現代藝術晚間拍賣

|
香港

常玉
1895 - 1966
盆花
款識
玉 SANYU(右下)
一九三〇至四〇年代作
油畫畫布
92 x 60.3 cm; 36 ¼ x 23 ¾ in.
參閱狀況報告 參閱狀況報告

來源

原藏家直接購自藝術家
瑞士私人收藏
香港,蘇富比,2005年5月1日,拍品編號26
前亞洲私人藏家直接購自上述拍賣
香港,蘇富比,2011年4月4日,拍品編號658
現亞洲重要私人藏家直接購自上述拍賣

出版

〈常玉油畫全集第二冊〉衣淑凡編(台北,立青文教基金會,二〇一一年),圖版281,89、134頁

相關資料

「如果你年轻时有幸停留巴黎,那么你的餘生無論去往哪裡,巴黎永遠會與你在一起,因為它是一席流動的盛宴。」
海明威《流動的盛宴》節錄

在塞納河畔跳動的霓虹燈下,閃耀著一場光怪陸離的美妙盛宴;錯綜的身份和標籤在不同文化之間交錯、撞擊,藝術家們焦灼、茫然但又充滿希望地在間隙中尋找時代轉角的英雄夢想,拼貼成一幅矛盾而超現實的奇特畫面 —— 而這便是二〇年代常玉赴身求學的巴黎。當時一戰硝煙剛剛散去,來自世界各地不同膚色和種族的青年藝術家,在以蒙帕納斯為中心的周邊街巷匯聚一堂,結成了極具前瞻性的「巴黎畫派」。這些包括常玉在內的異鄉客們個個心懷抱負,身懷絕技,一同將巴黎打造成了一座前所未有的文化高地,它瘋狂、但精緻且優雅,正符合海明威筆下對二〇年代巴黎生活的描述:「流動的盛宴」。在巴黎最初的十年間,常玉在面對琳瑯滿目的西方美學衝擊的同時,凝視傳統文化的特殊性,並以之為核心大膽地創作。本次夜拍登場的《盆花》(拍品編號 1034)就是他早年在東西文化間不斷摸索找尋平衡的結晶,亦是他獨特美學語彙的代表作。

「我覺得常玉自己就是盆景,巴黎花圃裡的東方盆景。」
吳冠中《說常玉》節錄

吳冠中在散文《說常玉》中回憶巴黎舊事時,曾做出如上感嘆。若將本畫與同場晚拍吳氏《荷塘》(拍品編號 1033)中紮根母土,拔地仰天的荷花並觀,常玉的花雖生於盆內,但花朵中蘊藏的反思東西藝術的精神力量卻與吳氏如出一轍,在追求現代性的過程中,常玉選擇的不是以傳統為革命的對象,相反地,而是帶著自己的傳統訓練走進西方世界,在現代生活中自我創造。中國古典的文人藝術可以說是他創作上的精神支撐,同時,他也以此驗證了自己在現代主義之中立足的可行性與有效性。他最早傳世的作品便是作於1921年的一幅彩墨紙本《牡丹圖》,無論線條還是筆法都保留了傳統文人畫中寫意花卉的風格,可見常玉對周遭的西方文化的包圍毫不在意,反而將這一時期高彈性、多元化的大環境視作對發展自身文化的包容和鼓勵。

《盆花》作於三〇至四〇年代間,在用色上大部分呈現三〇年代經典的三色構成:米白色平塗背景,淺灰描繪莖葉,粉紅渲染花朵,營造出樸實無華的浪漫情調。輕描淡寫的線條簡單勾勒出花盆輪廓,純粹卻精準;對枝葉、花瓣的處理則頗見書法中「飛白」風格的書寫性筆觸,抑揚頓挫中點出物像神趣;花株周身圍繞著若隱若現的乳白色,以渲染亭亭玉立的主角光韻,畫面散發出的空靈韻味誠為西方靜物畫所不可能及。用心觀察更可發現,三朵花一正、一反、一側,融合全景觀賞的視角,足見常玉對細節掌控的能力以及獨具匠心的想像力。畫面下方一抹對比強烈的紅褐色,將畫面背景幾何分割,再加以不拘小節的線條,鋪陳出分明的質感,形似中國傳統木器家具,與藝術家創作生涯後期盆花作品中濃厚的用色美學有異曲同工之妙,可見本作在延續三〇年代風格的同時,還蘊藏著向五〇年代轉型的徵兆。

若與常玉全集比對,可發現本畫與其筆下的薔薇科玫瑰花種最為相似。另外發現常玉作於三〇至四〇年代的花卉作品,包括本畫在內以玫瑰為主題的作品僅有七幅。

「丹蒂主義是英雄主義在頹廢年代的最後火光。」
波特萊爾

出身富家的常玉,天性不羈,不僅生活習慣帶有一股富家公子的紈絝心態,在藝術創作時也保持著一股文人特有的執念,不願將作畫淪為維持生計的工具,一心只追求純粹的藝術理想。他遊戲人間的價值觀,讓人聯想到風流倜儻的民國四公子袁克文、溥侗、張伯駒和張學良。同樣出身豪門世族,他們才智皆備卻謙虛禮讓,豪放不羈卻雅而不俗,敢作敢為卻有肩膀擔當,對藝術和生活更是充滿熱忱,誠如司馬遷在《史記·太史公自敘》中所言:「能以富貴下貧賤,賢能詘於不肖」。藝術觀念上常玉更是創造了一套完整的理論,花卉靜物作為三大創作主題之一,代表著他堅守藝術理想的永不熄滅的精神力量。而這股紈絝執念,就如同半世紀前法國現代主義詩人、文學家波特萊爾筆下脫離物質物世界的丹蒂主義,閃爍著英雄主義的火光,讓常玉能夠超越世俗、肆意享受作為藝術家保持自我的特權。這股玩世不恭的處世態度投射到作品當中,很快便受到侯謝、法蘭克等一众畫商、收藏家的青睞與賞識,由此開啟了常玉三、四〇年代密集的創作期。不論物質生活如何,常玉精神上始終富足而幸福,這一點從他此時期的靜物作品中便能看出,《盆花》就是他這段時光浪漫天真的精神影射與平淡美學的經典寫照。

美學大師蔣勳曾評論常玉筆下的花果靜物是他心底「鄉愁」的符號化身,而此階段的常玉投影在花卉中的意象,比起確切的思鄉之情,不如說是一種對於自身文化的無垠眷戀與對藝術理想的純粹精神。《盆花》於此已化作一個可代入的精神符號,既是常玉自我意識的強化,亦是他時而匿藏於庸俗的現實世界,時而又從中剝離出來的獨行者的靈活形象,不帶有憂鬱迷惘的困乏,也看不到未雨綢繆的擔憂,而唯見一股屬於大時代的英雄主義浪漫氣度。這位流浪異鄉的浪漫詩人將他背負一生的紈絝情懷、文化自尊與無垠鄉愁,透過紙背,厚塗薄抹,深鑿淺刻,譜寫成逝去時代的一曲輓歌,低吟淺唱現代行者們前赴後繼投身藝術夢想的英雄氣概。

現代藝術晚間拍賣

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香港