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2171
John Adams and John Marshall
PATENT SIGNED ("JOHN ADAMS") AS SECOND PRESIDENT, CO-SIGNED ("J MARSHALL") AS SECRETARY OF STATE, AND ("CHARLES LEE") AS ATTORNEY GENERAL, FOR "METHOD OF RAISING AND HANGING WINDOWS WITHOUT WEIGHTS OR SPRINGS BY MEANS OF CORK," TO WILLIAM YOUNG, 20 NOVEMBER 1800; WITH A COLLECTION OF RELATED PRINTED AND MANUSCRIPT MATERIAL,  1801-1802
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2171
John Adams and John Marshall
PATENT SIGNED ("JOHN ADAMS") AS SECOND PRESIDENT, CO-SIGNED ("J MARSHALL") AS SECRETARY OF STATE, AND ("CHARLES LEE") AS ATTORNEY GENERAL, FOR "METHOD OF RAISING AND HANGING WINDOWS WITHOUT WEIGHTS OR SPRINGS BY MEANS OF CORK," TO WILLIAM YOUNG, 20 NOVEMBER 1800; WITH A COLLECTION OF RELATED PRINTED AND MANUSCRIPT MATERIAL,  1801-1802
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拍品詳情

Fine Manuscript and Printed Americana

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John Adams and John Marshall
PATENT SIGNED ("JOHN ADAMS") AS SECOND PRESIDENT, CO-SIGNED ("J MARSHALL") AS SECRETARY OF STATE, AND ("CHARLES LEE") AS ATTORNEY GENERAL, FOR "METHOD OF RAISING AND HANGING WINDOWS WITHOUT WEIGHTS OR SPRINGS BY MEANS OF CORK," TO WILLIAM YOUNG, 20 NOVEMBER 1800; WITH A COLLECTION OF RELATED PRINTED AND MANUSCRIPT MATERIAL,  1801-1802
1 page (14 1/8 x 11 3/4 in; 360 x 301 mm) on partially printed vellum, accomplished in a secretarial hand, embossed paper seal of the United States with pink ribbon; previously folded, with some discoloration and fading. [With]: 1 page manuscript inventor's description, [and] a collection of related printed and manuscript material including: 1) Assignment of Isaac Ashton to Stephen Sayre, 25 March 1801; 2) Certification, signed ("James Madison") as Secretary for the Department of State, 14 May 1801; 3) Assignment of Isaac Ashton to Frederick Lewis Goch, 5 June 1801; 4) Subpoena to Joseph Jeffers, 11 October 1802; scattered browning and soiling, separation at folds, and repairs. 
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出版

Naomi R. Lamoreaux, Kenneth L. Sokoloff, and Dhanoos Sutthiphisal, “Patent Alchemy: The Market for Technology in US History,” Business History Review, (Spring 2013): pp. 3-38.

相關資料

One of two known Presidential patents signed by both John Adams and John Marshall

President John Adams signed only 163 patents, of which only 25 were co-signed by Marshall. However, only nine co-signed by other secretaries of state, and only one other co-signed by Marshall (at Dartmouth College) are presently known to survive.

The day after receiving his patent, inventor William Young sold all his rights in it to Thomas Overton. Within a few weeks, Overton sold the rights to the patent in Pennsylvania’s Lycoming and Northumberland counties to Robert Gray. On January 3, 1801, Overton sold rights to the patent in New Jersey and the rest of Pennsylvania to Philadelphia cabinetmaker Isaac Ashton for $7,000. On April 29, Overton also sold Ashton the rights in Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Vermont, for $8,000. On March 25, 1801, Ashton conveyed the patent rights for New Jersey to Stephen Sayre of Philadelphia. In March and June 1801, Ashton re-sold the rights to manufacture and sell the invention in Pennsylvania (except Lycoming and Northumberland counties), Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Vermont to Frederick Lewis Goch of New York City for $10,500. Questions arose about Ashton’s authority to convey the patent rights. On April 14, 1804, Goch released Ashton from all liability, likely after the money was refunded.

Assigning patents for specific geographic regions (usually states or counties) was a common practice, though the documents doing so almost never are found with the original patents. By the end of the nineteenth century, when advances in manufacturing, transportation and communication allowed a more centralized approach, the practice became less common.

Fine Manuscript and Printed Americana

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