2104
2104
Joseph Galloway
AUTOGRAPH DOCUMENT SIGNED ("JOSEPH GALLOWAY") AS SPEAKER OF THE PENNSYLVANIA ASSEMBLY, TO PENNSYLVANIA GOVERNOR JOHN PENN, PLEDGING TO FULFIL THE TERMS OF THE TREATY OF FORT STANWIX
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2104
Joseph Galloway
AUTOGRAPH DOCUMENT SIGNED ("JOSEPH GALLOWAY") AS SPEAKER OF THE PENNSYLVANIA ASSEMBLY, TO PENNSYLVANIA GOVERNOR JOHN PENN, PLEDGING TO FULFIL THE TERMS OF THE TREATY OF FORT STANWIX
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拍品詳情

Fine Manuscript and Printed Americana

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Joseph Galloway
AUTOGRAPH DOCUMENT SIGNED ("JOSEPH GALLOWAY") AS SPEAKER OF THE PENNSYLVANIA ASSEMBLY, TO PENNSYLVANIA GOVERNOR JOHN PENN, PLEDGING TO FULFIL THE TERMS OF THE TREATY OF FORT STANWIX
One page (9 x 14 1/4 in. 229 x 362 mm) on a bifolium, [Philadelphia, Pa.], 10 February 1769, integral blank with endorsements; a few minor marginal repairs, backed with tissue.
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來源

Christie's New York, 19 January 2007, lot 248 (undesignated consignor)

相關資料

The Pennsylvania Assembly vows to enforce land-based provisions of the Treaty of Fort Stanwix, negotiated in 1768 by Sir William Johnson with the Six Nations Iroquois:

"We have taken into our Consideration your Message, acquainting us, that a General Boundary line was happily settled, by Sir William Johnson His Majesty's Superintendant of Indian Affairs, between the Indians of the Six Nations, the Delawares and Shawanese, & his Majestys Middle Colonies. The Accomplishments of a measure so important to the British Interest in America could not fail to give us the utmost Satisfaction, as we reason to expect it will be Means of preserving that Harmony and Friendship between these Colonies and the Natives, which have heretofore, from various crises, been too frequently interrupted..."

The Pennsylvania Assembly pledged to deal justly with the Indian tribes and to prevent new settlements on “unpurchased” Indian lands. In September 1768, Sir William Johnson had convened a conference at Fort Stanwix, where he met with 2,200 Indians from the Six Nations, the Delawares and the Shawnees. The resulting Treaty established a definitive western boundary line between lands belonging to the Proprietors of Pennsylvania (the Penn heirs) and lands occupied by the Indians of the Six Nations (this line extended north into New York and south into Virginia. 

Joseph Galloway was a major politician of the Quaker Party, who turned Loyalist early in the American Revolution. He was Speaker of the Pennsylvania Assembly from 1766-1774, and then represented his colony at the First Continental Congress, where he proposed a compromise plan of imperial reform which called for a separate Parliament for the colonies. The Pennsylvania Assembly eventually convicted him of treason in absentia and confiscated his estates.

Fine Manuscript and Printed Americana

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