The Phobos program was an unmanned space mission consisting of two probes launched by the Soviet Union to study Mars and its moons: Phobos and Deimos. Phobos 2 was launched on July 12, 1988, and entered orbit on January 29, 1989. It operated nominally throughout its cruise and Mars orbital insertion phases on January 29, 1989, gathering data on the Sun, the interplanetary medium, Mars, and Phobos. It investigated Mars’s surface and atmosphere, and returned 37 images of Phobos.
Theories trying to explain the mysterious monolith on the Martian satellite had amassed over the years, with scientist Dr. Isaac Asimov even penning a story in which he suggests that Phobos was an abandoned alien ship from the distant past, captured by the gravity of the Red Planet.
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