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俄羅斯工藝品、法貝熱珠寶及聖像

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Nicolas Soret
GENEVA 1759 - 1830
PORTRAIT OF COUNT ALEXANDER SERGEEVICH STROGANOFF (1733-1811)
Enamel, gold frame;
signed, dated and inscribed verso: MECENE / DU NORD. / N. Soret p.xt  / 1793
6.3 by 5.1 cm.; 2 1/2 by 2 1/8 in.
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來源

David David-Weill (1871-1952), inv. no. 3173;
with Wildenstein, Paris;
Sir Charles Clore (1905-1979), London;
his executor's sale, London, Sotheby's, 10 November 1986, lot 170

展覽

London, Garrard, An Exhibition of Important 18th Century & Early 19th Century Miniatures and Enamels, 1961, no. 360;
Lausanne, Musée Historique, 100 Ans de Miniatures Suisses 1780-1880, 1999-2000, no. 22

出版

L. Gillet, C. Jeannerat, H. Clouzot, Miniatures and Enamels from the D. David-Weill Collection, Paris, 1957, p. 500, no. 360, illust. p. 501;
G. Komelova, Russian Miniatures and Enamels XVIII XIX Centuries, Leningrad, 1995, pp. 274-275, pl. 101;
M. Friesen (ed.), Französische Miniaturen 1770-1880, Darmstadt, 2001, p. 427, illust. p. 342 

相關資料

The sitter is seen wearing an olive green coat, a yellow waistcoat, a purple cloak and the sash of the Imperial Order of Saint Andrew.

Count Alexander Stroganoff became the head of his celebrated family upon the death of his father in 1756. In his youth he received a thorough classical education and, as well as studying at the universities of Geneva, Bologna and Paris, he also travelled extensively throughout Europe. On his return to St Petersburg in 1756 he installed himself in the Stroganoff Palace on the Nevsky Prospect and married Countess Anna Mikhailovna Vorontsova (1743-1769), the daughter of the Vice-Chancellor. Shortly after her early death, aged twenty-six, Stroganoff  married Princess Ekaterina Petrovna Trubetskaya (1744-1815), who bore him a son, Pavel, whilst they were living in Paris. In 1779, the family returned home whereupon the Countess entered into an affair with Catherine the Great's favourite, Ivan Nikolaevich Korsakov. The Empress banished Korsakov to Moscow and Countess Stroganoff was to follow. Despite this scandal, the Count remained an intimate friend of Catherine, who admired him for his wit, his independence and for the fact that he did not interfere in politics. Highly cultured, he assembled an important art collection and between 1800 and the end of his life he held the post of President of the Imperial Academy of Arts.

Nicolas Soret was born in Geneva and was apprenticed to a clockmaker. After time spent in England and Ireland, he travelled to St Petersburg in 1785 and was to remain there, attached to Catherine’s court, until he returned to Switzerland in 1800.

This enamel portrait is dated 1793 and it appears that Soret used Johann-Baptist Lampi’s portrait of Stroganoff as a starting point.1 There are subtle differences between the painting and this miniature, for instance, in the oil the Count is depicted wearing the star of the Order of St Andrew, whereas in the enamel he wears only the ribbon.

1. Lampi’s portrait also dates to 1793 and is now in the collection of the State Art Gallery, Perm.

 

俄羅斯工藝品、法貝熱珠寶及聖像

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倫敦