46

拍品詳情

重要地毯收藏

|
倫敦

A Mughal silk floral lattice carpet fragment, Deccan, probably Hyderabad
size adjusted
approximately 163 by 144cm; 5ft. 4in., 4ft. 9in.
late 17th century
參閱狀況報告 參閱狀況報告

相關資料

During the reign of the Mughal emperor, Akbar (r.1556-1605) carpet production was essentially a court undertaking, and the quality, size, design and value of the Mughal carpet was dependent on the tastes and demands of the court. Akbar’s son, Jahangir (r.1605-1628) and his grandson Shah Jahan (r.1628-1658), continued to collect and patronise the arts, and Shah Jahan in 1628 introduced court decoration based on the European ‘herbaria’ for which he had enthusiasm and it was combined with the ancient theme of the Garden of Paradise. The distinctive design of the floral lattice carpets is a large sub group within that of Mughal carpets. 

For a similar delicately drawn and naturalistic late 17th century floral lattice fragment of a Mughal silk carpet, previously with Julius Orendi, see Spuhler (2012), Cat. No. 40, pp.166, 167. Spuhler mentions that an unpublished fragment, in the possession of the heiress to the Alfred Cassirer Collection, was exhibited with others from the collection (without a catalogue), relatively recently in the Museum für Islamische Kunst, Berlin. The orientation of the naturalist plants, probably depicting poppies, and either roses or carnations, is the same in the Kuwait and present fragment.

For comprehensive discussion of Mughal lattice carpets, see Walker, Daniel, Flowers Underfoot: Indian Carpets of the Mughal Era, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1997, Chp. 1., India during the Mughal Era, pp.3-14, and Chp. 4, The Carpets, The Flower Style, pp.86-117, ‘Lattice and Flower Pattern’, pp.105-107, and ‘Lattice and Blossom Pattern’, pp.107-117. With reference to the Kuwait fragment cited above, Walker notes that he ‘is inclined to attribute the carpet to the time of Aurangzeb, late 17th century, early 18th century, and between the high flower style of Shah Jahan and the stiffly repetitive pieces of the 18th century', ibid., Later carpet types, Silks, pp.147-150).

Interestingly there is a gilded ceiling in the Aramagh, Red Fort, Delhi, 1639-1648, (Walker, op.cit., p.89, fig. 85), which has a comparable design, with lozenge lattice overlying a delicate scroll with flowers at the centre of each lozenge, revealing the extent of the influence of the floral lattice design within the interior environments of the palaces of 17th century India.

For another variant of a floral lattice carpet, see lot 47 in this sale.

Walker (1997): Walker, Daniel, Flowers Underfoot: Indian Carpets of the Mughal Era, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1997, Chp. 1., India during the Mughal Era, pp.3-14, and Chp. 4, The Carpets, The Flower Style, pp.86-117, ‘Lattice and Flower Pattern’, pp.105-107, and ‘Lattice and Blossom Pattern’, pp.107-117, and Later carpet types, Silks, pp.147-150

Spuhler (2012): Spuhler, Friedrich, Carpets from Islamic Lands, The Al-Sabah Collection, Kuwait, Dar Al-Athar Al-Islamiyyah, London, 2012, Cat. No. 40, pp.166, 167

重要地毯收藏

|
倫敦