- 款識：畫家簽名F. LEGER並紀年49（右下）；畫家簽名F. LEGER、書題目LE VASE JAUNE DANS LE PAYSAGE並紀年49（背面）
Executed in large blocks of bright tones, the work encapsulates Léger’s belief that it is the primary colors, combined with black and white, that express the reality of the medium of painting. Rather than representing a likeness of the world that surrounds him, the artist uses patches of color as the principal element of the composition, creating new spatial relationships within the two-dimensional plane of the canvas. The areas of bright, unmodulated pigment stand in contrast to the organic elements such as the tree and the clouds, which are rendered in a modernist version of the chiaroscuro technique. In 1950 Léger wrote: “The plastic life, the picture, is made up of harmonious relationships among volumes, lines, and colors. These are the three forces that must govern works of art. If, in organizing these three elements harmoniously, one finds that objects, elements of reality, can enter into the composition, it may be better and may give the work more richness” (quoted in C. Lanchner, Fernand Léger, New York, 1998, p. 247).
Having spent much of the war period in the United States, in 1946 Léger returned to his Paris studio at Rue Notre-Dame-des-Champs, and to his second studio in Montrouge. “On his return to France, Léger continued the work he had begun in the United States, but now often working on much larger formats than those of his pre-war years. This penchant for the large-scale was undoubtedly an American legacy …. Léger’s great achievement during the post-war period was to conclude the experiments with color, transparency and movement that had taken specific shape in the United States. These experiments were closely bound up with the cinema, Léger trying out different media and subjects throughout this last phase of his career to achieve an extraordinary oeuvre. He had been a keen film fan ever since his first discovery of the cinema on his arrival in Paris in 1900, and with Ballet mécanique (1924) had made his own foray into the medium. Transparency and movement, framing, the play of light, and the possibilities for superimposition all intrigued him, and his pictorial experiments were dominated by ‘moving images.’ In his later works, drawing creates a framework and a pretext, while color provides dynamic structure.” (B. Hedel-Samson in Exh. cat., Basel, Fondation Beyeler, Fernand Léger: Paris – New York, Basel, 2008, p. 123) Léger’s use of color and treatment of pictorial space in turn had a strong influence on the subsequent generation of artists and played a key role in the development of Pop Art.