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10
Jan Swart van Groningen
THE RESURRECTION OF CHRIST
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10
Jan Swart van Groningen
THE RESURRECTION OF CHRIST
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西洋古典油畫及素描

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Jan Swart van Groningen
GRONINGEN CIRCA 1500 - CIRCA 1560 ANTWERP
THE RESURRECTION OF CHRIST
Pen and dark brown ink and brown wash, within brown ink framing lines;
bears numbering, on tab of paper, formerly attached to backing: R:9:9:75
268 by 205 mm
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Though few paintings by his hand are known, Jan Swart was a prolific draughtsman and designer of stained glass panels and woodcuts.  His early work reflects the influence of Dirk Vellert and Pieter Coecke van Aelst, as well as Jan van Scorel, and his compositions also betray a knowledge of the prints of Marcantonio Raimondi.  Swart's knowledge of Italian art seems to have been acquired at first hand: according to the biographer Karel van Mander, he travelled to Italy and lived for some time in Venice, and it seems very possible that he may even have continued from there to Constantinople, sometime before he executed his 1526 woodcut of Süleyman the Magnificent.

Stylistically this imposing depiction of the Resurrection is a typical example of the artist's work, with its combination of dark greyish brown ink and chestnut-brown wash, massive but carefully outlined figures, distinctive facial types, and more freely drawn background.  It was almost certainly made as a design for a glass panel.  The scale and format of the sheet are very typical of glass designs by Swart, who tended to favour this larger, rectangular format for his works of this type, in preference to the roundels produced by many of his contemporaries.1  The dimensions of the present sheet are almost identical to those of three other drawings by the artist (two showing scenes from the life of King David, the other Moses with the Ten Commandments) -- the only other substantial drawings by Swart that have appeared at auction over the last thirty years.2 

Swart's work was influential in the formation of the styles of a number of Dutch glass-painters and designers of the next generation, most significantly the Crabeth brothers, who masterminded the astonishing stained glass cycle in the Sint Janskerk, Gouda.  

1.  T.B. Husband, The Luminous Image. Painted Glass Roundels in the Lowlands, 1480-1560, exhib. cat., New York, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1995, p. 166
2.  Sold: New York, Sotheby's, 13 January 1989, lot 158; Amsterdam, Sotheby's, 19 May 2004, lot 16; New York, Sotheby's, 26 January 2005, lot 58

西洋古典油畫及素描

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