Armide is an tragédie in 5 acts with prologue, the text by P. Quinault, based on Torquato Tasso's epic poem Gerusalemme liberata, apparently selected by Lully's patron, Louis XIV, from among several offered by Quinault. Regarded as one of the composer's greatest masterpieces, Armide was first performed in Paris at the Académie Royale de Musique ("Opéra") on 15 February 1686. It was one of Lully’s last works and, unlike most of his operas, concentrates on the sustained psychological development of a single character.
The soprano Marie-Jeanne Lemière is known to have performed Armide in the 1761 revival supervised by Francoeur. Though Francoeur heavily revised the work and Lemiere would therefore not have used this score towards those performances, this is possibly her copy.
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