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Bernier, Nicolas (1665-1734)
EARLY EIGHTEENTH-CENTURY FRENCH MANUSCRIPT OF FOUR SECULAR CANTATAS, SOME WITH VIOLIN
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235
Bernier, Nicolas (1665-1734)
EARLY EIGHTEENTH-CENTURY FRENCH MANUSCRIPT OF FOUR SECULAR CANTATAS, SOME WITH VIOLIN
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音樂藝術、中世紀與文藝復興時期手稿及歐陸古籍

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Bernier, Nicolas (1665-1734)
EARLY EIGHTEENTH-CENTURY FRENCH MANUSCRIPT OF FOUR SECULAR CANTATAS, SOME WITH VIOLIN
written by three copyists, in brown ink on up to ten staves per page, in two- or three-stave systems, including duets and solo cantatas with violin obbligato, comprising: 'La Vengeance  Cantate a Violon', for alto voice, violin and continuo, 31 pages; 'Bachus Cantate a Violin', for bass voice, violins and continuo, 33 pages; 'Iris et Daphné', a duet for two sopranos and continuo, 37 pages; 'Jupiter et Europe Cantate a deux avec Violons', a duet for soprano and bass voices, two violins and continuo, 51 pages; the first two works in the hand of the same copyist ("de Rignauld"), named on the first page, the remaining works by other copyists

152 pages, folio (37.5 x 24.5cm), 10-stave paper, eighteenth-century mottled calf, gilt spine in compartments, red-gilt title-label to spine, French provenance, first half of the eighteenth century, some splitting at joints repaired, sound  10 x 15 inches (25.5 x 38.3 cm).


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相關資料

We have not traced the first cantata among the known works by Nicolas Bernier (1665-1734): 'La Vengeance' ("Le soleil adoroit la reine de Paphos"), composed to a text by Jean-Baptiste Rousseau.  It may be unrecorded. The other cantatas here are 'Bacchus' ("Chantons le dieu bachus chantons et que sa gloire soit l'Eternel objet"), the text also by Jean-Baptiste Rousseau, published in Bernier's fourth volume of Cantates françoises ou musique de chambre (1703); 'Iris et Daphné' ("Triomphés liberté charmante triomphés fixes", published as the first number in Les Nimphes de Diane (1703), also in 1703; and 'Jupiter et Europe' ("Quel prodige misterieux"), also published in Bernier's fourth volume. 

The French composer, harpsichordist, and theorist Nicolas Bernier succeeded Marc-Antoine Charpentier as maître de musique of the Sainte-Chapelle, and later took a post as sous-maître de musique at the Chapelle Royale alongside André Campra and Charles-Hubert Gervais, succeeding Michel-Richard de Lalande. Highly influenced by Italian music, he balanced the French and Italian tastes in his cantatas, motets, and other choral works. Together with Jean-Baptiste Morin, he is seen as one of the creators of the French cantata genre, preceding composers such as Montéclair, Gervais, Jacquet de la Guerre, Boismortier and Mouret.

 

"Bernier, with 39 works, was one of the most prolific of French cantata composers. As well as using all the procedures found in Morin's cantatas, he included in his airs some of the earliest examples in French music of the new ritornello structure. His cantatas, often light and witty, are particularly attractive and include some of the finest early examples of the form." 

音樂藝術、中世紀與文藝復興時期手稿及歐陸古籍

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