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Book of Hours, Use of Rome, in Latin [northern France or southern Netherlands (Cambrai?), c.1460]
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Book of Hours, Use of Rome, in Latin [northern France or southern Netherlands (Cambrai?), c.1460]
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中世紀與文藝復興時期手稿及歐陸與俄羅斯古籍

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Book of Hours, Use of Rome, in Latin [northern France or southern Netherlands (Cambrai?), c.1460]
c.145×110mm, vellum, ii+136+xiii leaves, collation: i8, ii6+2, iii6+1, iv6, v6+1, vi-x8, xi8+1, xii8 , xiii8+1, xiv8, xv4+4, xvi8+4, xvii4+1 (ff.128-29 misplaced), xviii4, xix14, 16 lines, c.85x60mm, 15 FULL-PAGE MINIATURES with three-sided borders on the versos of inserted single leaves, the facing rectos with full borders, four- to seven-line illuminated initials accompanied by borders, some enclosing animals, minor wear and thumbing, some water-staining to final leaves, a small portion of f.56 cut out, sewn on four bands and bound in 16th-century polished brown calf over pasteboards, each cover with a gilt oval centrepiece depicting the Crucifixion, gilt edges, vestiges of clasps
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相關資料

A BOOK OF HOURS POSSIBLY MADE IN CONNECTION TO LEPERS, SHOWING THE EXTREMELY UNUSUAL FIGURE OF A CRIPPLED BEGGAR IN THE MINIATURE FOR THE OFFICE OF THE DEAD

PROVENANCE

(1) The calendar, litany, and liturgical Use offer few clues about the original patron, but the suffrages to the Three Magi and to St Lazare are very unusual; in view of the possibly Cambrai-style borders, it may be relevant that there was an abbey - originally a leper-house - dedicated to St Lazare just outside the walls of the town; a possible connection to lepers is the extremely unusual figure of a crippled beggar in the Office of the Dead miniature. (2) Joanna, wife of the notary Richard, 15th-century, with her ownership inscription (pastedown). (3) Owned by the 16th century in Châlons-en-Champagne and neighbouring towns: a series of dated inscriptions record births, marriages, and deaths begin in 1598 with the birth of Jacquier son of Thierry Faucia(?) de Huguelle(?). (4) Further inscriptions dated from 1602 to 1907 (ff.137r-149v), begin with the births of Magdalein, baptised by the priest Jehan Choisan at the church of Notre Dame at Victry (presumably Vitry, south-east of Chalons); the following inscriptions are dated at intervals of a few years each. They include: 'Ce livre vient de la famille des Chalons et se donnoit de temps immemorial a l’ainé de ladite famille et est passé entre les mains de Gerard Richelet, prêtre et curé de Matougue [about 5 miles north-west of Châlons] l’an 1712 …'.

ARTISTS

The style of illumination is difficult to parallel, but we are grateful to Dominique Vanwijnsberghe who compares the borders with those of an Hours of Cambrai Use (Bibliothèque de la Société archéologique de Namur, ms. 3, on which see Art en Namurois, 2001, pp.339-43 and Miniatures flamandes 1404-1482, 2011, p.31).

TEXT AND ILLUMINATION

Calendar, in two columns (f.1r); Hours of the Holy Spirit (f.10r) and of the Cross (f.15r); Mass of the Virgin (f.20r), and Gospel extracts (f.25v); Hours of the Virgin, Use of Rome (f.32r); Penitential Psalms (f.78r) and litany (f.89r); Short Office of the Dead (f.96r); Suffrages (f.112r); ‘O intemerata’ (f.128r) and ‘Obsecro te’ (f.133r).

The subjects of the miniatures are: (1) Pentecost (f.9v); (2) Crucifixion (f.14v); (3) Virgin and Child (f.19v); (4) Annunciation (f.31v); (5) Last Judgement (f.77v); (6) Funeral service (f.95v); (7) Adoration of the Magi (f.111v); (8) John the Baptist (f.113v); (9) St Sebastian (f.115v); (10) St Christopher (f.117v); (11) St Nicholas (f.119v); (12) St Anthony Abbot (f.121v); (13) St Lazare (f.123v); (14) St Catherine (f.125v); (15) St Mary Magdalene (f.127v).

中世紀與文藝復興時期手稿及歐陸與俄羅斯古籍

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