Ralph M. Chait Galleries，紐約，2003年
General Guo Ziyu (697-781), also known as Prince Zhongwu of Fengyang, was the most distinguished general of the Tang dynasty. He was celebrated for quelling the An Lushan Rebellion (755-763) and for is contributions to expeditions against the Uighurs and Tibetans. His remarkable military victories earned him fame and wealth, and he is often depicted in banquets amidst myriad troops, tribute bearers, and descendants. Here, he is shown enjoying a birthday celebration. The General's inlaid long sword symbolically positioned at the center of the pennants, which represent the task he has relayed to officers. To emphasize the birthday theme, the vase is festooned with emblems of longevity and blessings, including shou
characters at Guo Ziyi's table and around the shoulder, as well as cranes, ruyi
heads, and wanzi
at the shoulder and neck. The subject matter and iconography indicate that the vase was designed as a birthday gift, wishing the recipient success, longevity, and good fortune.
Similar examples include a rouleau vase in the Palace Museum, Beijing illustrated in The Complete Collection of Treasures of the Palace Museum, Porcelains in Polychrome and Contrasting Colours, Hong Kong, 1999, pl. 69., and one sold in our Hong Kong rooms, 2nd May 2005, lot 607.