拍品 34
  • 34

弗朗茲·馬克 《站在綠色岩石旁的兩位裸女(正面);兩匹馬(反面)》

估價
500,000 - 700,000 GBP
招標截止

描述

  • Franz Marc
  • 《站在綠色岩石旁的兩位裸女(正面);兩匹馬(反面)》
  • 油彩蛋彩紙本(正面);炭筆渲染紙本(反面)

來源

亞歷克斯·阿爾滕基希,科隆(1920年或之前購入)
拍賣:斯圖加特拍賣行,羅曼·諾伯特·克特雷爾,1955年12月1日,拍品編號1633
埃米爾·喬治·比勒,蘇黎世(購自上述拍賣)
彼得·格里貝特畫廊,慕尼黑(1970年或之前購入)
拍賣:漢堡豪斯韋德爾&諾爾特拍賣行,1980年6月6日,拍品編號834
現藏家購自上述拍賣

展覽

克雷費爾德,威廉皇帝博物館,〈當代德國藝術〉,1920年,品號25(正面題為《兩位少女》)

(應為)柏林,國家美術館,〈弗朗茲·馬克紀念展〉,1922年

慕尼黑,倫巴赫美術館,〈弗朗茲·馬克〉,1963年,品號105

漢堡,藝術協會,〈弗朗茲·馬克:油彩、水粉、素描及雕塑作品展〉,1963-64年,品號126

出版

阿洛伊斯·J·沙爾特,《弗朗茲·馬克》,柏林,1936年,品號15,正面作品列於166頁

洛塔爾·君特·布赫海姆,《藍騎士畫派與慕尼黑新藝術家協會》,費爾達芬格,1959年,144頁載正面作品彩圖

克勞斯·蘭克海特,《弗朗茲·馬克作品目錄》,科隆,1970年,品號122,40頁載正面作品圖;品號411,133頁載反面作品圖

《弗朗茲·馬克:馬》(展覽圖錄),國立美術館,斯圖加特;布施-賴辛格博物館,劍橋,2000-01年,品號36,圖64,80頁載反面作品圖(題為《兩匹鬥馬》)

安內格雷特·霍貝格、伊莎貝爾·揚森,《弗朗茲·馬克作品全集》,倫敦,2004年,第I冊,品號126,137頁載正面作品彩圖;第II冊,品號182,155頁載正面作品圖

《弗朗茲·馬克回顧展》(展覽圖錄),倫巴赫美術館,慕尼黑2005-06年,圖11,82頁載正面作品彩圖

拍品資料及來源

Created in 1910-11, this magnificent double-sided work treats two subjects central to Franz Marc’s œuvre and offers a valuable insight into his art at this crucial point in his career, shortly before the formation of Der Blaue Reiter, which he co-founded in 1911. The striking composition depicting two female nudes in a vividly coloured natural setting was probably painted near Sindelsdorf, a small town on the foothills of the Bavarian Alps. Like the Impressionists before them, Marc and his colleagues August Macke and Heinrich Campendonk wanted to escape the city and sought inspiration from the countryside. Marc moved to this area in 1910, attracted by its bucolic splendour and the abundance of farm life. The sense of freedom inspired him to explore the subject of unity between man and nature, culminating in masterpieces such as Der Wasserfall and Rote Frau, both painted in 1912 (figs. 1 & 2).

 

‘I am trying to enhance my sensibility for the organic rhythm that I feel is in all things,’ he wrote of his art in 1911. Not wanting to be misinterpreted as a mere follower of the Fauves, Marc was careful to clarify the aesthetic intentions and spiritual underpinnings of his own ‘wild’ stylisation. In Der Blaue Reiter Almanach, he wrote that his painting celebrated the divinity of nature and fiercely rejected the values of modernity and the material word. He explained that like the earlier Dresden-based group, Die Brücke, the artists associated with Der Blaue Reiter emphasised the distinctly German origins of their paintings: ‘In this time of great struggle for a new art we fight like disorganized ‘savages’ against an old, established power. The battle seems to be unequal, but spiritual matters are never decided by numbers, only by the power of ideas’ (quoted in Mark Rosenthal, Franz Marc, Munich, 1989, pp. 23-24).

 

Zwei stehende Mädchenakte mit grünem Stein points to a variety of sources that played a role in the development of Marc’s painting. Isabelle Jansen wrote about the influence of Egyptian art visible in the present oil, and even more strongly in the related sketch: ‘Marc makes use of the conventions of Egyptian art in showing several aspects of a body at once – the upper body of one of the women is frontal but her legs are in profile. The drawing is a preparatory sketch for the painting Two Standing Nude Girls with Green Stone [the present work], which Marc executed in 1910-11. The example reveals the extent to which Marc was influenced by Egyptian art – he adapted the design and adjusted it for his own requirements’ (I. Jansen in Franz Marc – The Retrospective (exhibition catalogue), op. cit., p. 81).

 

Marc found another important source of inspiration – both stylistically and in subject-matter – in the paintings by Paul Gauguin, whose sense of freedom and escape from the constraints of modern life in Europe paved the way for a number of avant-garde artists both in Germany and France. In their voluminous physique, their colouration and placement in nature, the two figures in the present composition are reminiscent of Gauguin's Tahitian women, and Marc’s desire to show nature in its primitive and unfettered state is strongly present here. Dominated by brightly coloured trees and a large green rock, the landscape has a strong primal and mystical quality evocative of Gauguin’s nudes painted in the lush surroundings of the South Seas. Marc would have almost certainly seen his Contes barbares (fig. 3), which was acquired by Museum Folkwang in Hagen shortly after Gauguin’s death in 1903, and is now in Museum Folkwang in Essen.

 

The composition on the verso is a study for the painting Streitende Pferde of 1910, which was destroyed in the Second World War and is now known only from a black-and-white photograph. In the catalogue of the exhibition dedicated to Marc’s depictions of horses, Christian von Holst writes about the composition on the verso of the present work: In Two Horses Fighting […], a large, preparatory charcoal and wash drawing for a destroyed painting with three animals, Marc gave yet another proof of his gift for the precise observation of nature. The animal evidently higher in rank is shown biting the other, whose body language clearly conveys discomfort’ (C. von Holst in Franz Marc: Horses (exhibition catalogue), op. cit., p. 80).

 

Both subjects represented in this work – figures in nature and horses – reflect Marc’s interest in spirituality, a pivotal value of his art. As Mark Rosenthal wrote: ‘The key to the Blue Rider was the belief in an approaching new epoch, one that was antimaterialist and spiritually inclined. Like the earlier German avant-garde known as Die Brücke, which had already announced a break with contemporary culture, the artists believed in a new world community and an altered definition of humanity. But Blue Rider thinking was in contrast transcendent. Especially pertinent was the desire, inherited from Romanticism, for unity with the universe and a cosmic system of reference points’ (M. Rosenthal, Franz Marc in America, Berkeley, 1979, p. 23).

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