Before Emperor Joseph II’s (1741-1790) famous Edicts of Toleration, Jews living in Prague could not attend Charles University; the number of qualified Jewish doctors in the city was thus extremely small. However, Prague Jews were allowed to train (with other Jews) as barber-surgeons, and a guild for such medical practitioners was set up in the seventeenth century. Around the beginning of the eighteenth century, Charles University started requiring Jewish barber-surgeons to pass an exam before they could practice. The present, elegantly written document certifies that Simon ben Moÿßes Löbl of Holleschau (present-day Holešov, Czech Republic) studied the craft for three years with Herschl Porges, a Faculty of Medicine-examined and -approved barber-surgeon in the Jewish community of Prague, and attests to Löbl’s experience and skill cutting hair, extracting teeth, letting blood, cupping, and treating minor injuries, tumors, and ulcers. It is signed both by Porges and by Johann Caspar Artzt (1688-1765), a notary public active in Prague.
Dr. Richard Teltscher (1888-1974) was born in Nikolsburg (present-day Mikulov, Czech Republic) and trained as a lawyer in Vienna before joining the family wine business. Fascinated by the history and culture of Moravian Jewry, he built up an important private collection of Judaica. Some of these items were sent to London, where he spent the war years and lived out the rest of his life.
Guido Kisch, “Die Prager Universität und die Juden: Mit Beiträgen zur Geschichte des Medizinstudiums,” Jahrbuch der Gesellschaft für Geschichte der Juden in der Čechoslovakischen Republik 6 (1934): 1-144, at pp. 46-47, 103 n. 304.