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Babylonian Talmud, Tractate Arakhin, Venice: Daniel Bomberg, 1528
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Babylonian Talmud, Tractate Arakhin, Venice: Daniel Bomberg, 1528
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Babylonian Talmud, Tractate Arakhin, Venice: Daniel Bomberg, 1528
35 folios (14 1/4 x 9 5/8 in.; 364 x 245 mm) (collation: i-iv8, v3) on paper. Tapering text on ff. 6r, 27r, 34r; manuscript notes on ff. 8v, 14r-v, 25r. Slight scattered staining; light dampstaining in outer edges and in gutter at head throughout; minor dogearing; f. [1] thumbed; small tears intermittently at foot (e.g., ff. 12-13, [15], [17], 24); tape repair to lower-outer corner of f. [17]. Modern vellum over board, very slightly scuffed, with gilt-tooled ornaments at corners and on spine; title, place, and date lettered in gilt on spine; modern paper flyleaves and pastedowns.
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相關資料

Arakhin (Valuations), the fifth tractate in the order Kodoshim, explores, in nine chapters, the biblical law that applies when a person voluntarily donates his or her value, or that of land he or she owns, for the Temple’s maintenance (the half-shekel tax of Shekalim, by contrast, was collected to finance the sacrifices only). This erekh does not represent the true market value of a person or parcel of land; instead, it is standardized by the Torah (see Lev. 27) and ignores individual circumstances. Interestingly, a large subunit of the treatise is devoted to the number of singers who produced the sacral music of the Levites in Temple times. In addition, the idea of the power of speech, which emerges here as an important theme given that arakhin commitments are effected verbally, generates discussions of the severity of leshon ha-ra (libel) and the obligation to rebuke one’s fellow. 

Note: Despite the pronouncements on the title page, neither Maimonides’ commentary to the Mishnah nor the rulings of Rabbi Asher ben Jehiel (Rosh; ca. 1250-1327) are included herein.

Provenance

Joseph (f. [1r]) 

Solomon ben Isaac, from Rabbi Nehemiah (f. 2r)

Abraham ha-Levi (f. 2r)

Literature

A.M. Habermann, Ha-madpis daniyyel bombirgi u-reshimat sifrei beit defuso (Safed: The Museum of Printing Art, 1978), 63 (no. 124).

Vinograd, Venice 130

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