Since his first exhibition at the Salon in 1886, he favoured polychrome associations, notably with bronze and marble. In 1897, he exhibited a bust of the same model as presented here, entitled Salem, Nègre du Soudan (Museum of Picardy, Amiens). Between 1898 and 1910, he exhibited three other marble and bronze middle Eastern figures.
Loiseau-Rousseau's anthropological consideration of African people and his use of polychromy in sculpture, is a double heritage from Charles Cordier (1827-1905) whose bust Nègre du Soudan (exhibited at the 1857 Salon), announced a new aesthetic (Musée d'Orsay, inv. no. RF 2997).
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