This impressive ‘Great Chair’ was likely made in Newport, Rhode Island. Since Joseph Ott’s article, “A Group of Rhode Island Banister-Back Chairs” in Magazine Antiques, vol 125, no. 5, May 1984, p. 1171, chairs with characteristic double demilune crests have been attributed to Little Compton, Rhode Island based upon the recovered histories of several of the chairs. New research by Dennis Carr and Patricia Kane have demonstrated, however, that this crest was placed on chairs made likely throughout the Rhode Island colony (see Patricia E. Kane; with Dennis Carr, Nancy Goyne Evans, Jennifer N. Johnson, Gary R. Sullivan, Art & Industry in Early America: Rhode Island Furniture, 1650-1830, (New Haven, CT: Yale University Art Gallery, 2016), pp. 25, 184-187, fig. 13, nos. 20, 21.) The refinement of this armchair’s turnings and proportions, as well as its visual relationship to an armchair in the Newport Historical Society collection that descended through the Peckham family of Newport, strongly suggests that the currently offered lot was made in an urban chairmaking shop, likely Newport. Further supporting this reasoning are the presence of greatly enlarged ‘mushroom’ pommels and complexly turned arms installed at a downward sloping angle. As Erik K. Gronning, Joshua W. Lane, and Robert F. Trent first discussed in “Dutch Joinery in 17th Century Windsor, Connecticut,” Maine Antique Digest, August 2007, vol. 35, no. 8, p. 13-D, these pommels and slanted arms appear first in Newport rather than New London County, Connecticut, as they have historically been attributed. An armchair likely from the same chairmaking shop is in the collection of Yale University Art Gallery, Mabel Brady Garvan Collection (acc. no. 1930.2608 and RIF4900).