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伊斯蘭藝術

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An Umayyad carved marble capital, Spain, 10th century
the lower section of cylindrical form, carved and chiselled throughout with acanthus leaves in high relief, surmounted by a band of bead-and-reel ornament beneath an enjoined foliate design, the upper section with flared corners and an inscription in Kufic script to the side facets
37cm. height.
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相關資料

inscriptions

Possibly: 'Blessing [from God to] ... 'Abdullah'

Three comparable capitals in the Museo Arqueológico Provincial de Córdoba, attributed to Cordoba or Madinat al-Zahra, illustrate the evolution of this type of capital in Umayyad Spain during the reigns of Abd al-Rahman III (912-961 AD) and al-Hakam II (961-976 AD) (see J. Dodds (ed.), Al-Andalus: The Art of Islamic Spain, New York, 1992, nos.37 and 38). The form, which derives ultimately from the classical Corinthian prototype, assumed a more lacey, stylised appearance in the Visigothic and early Umayyad periods, influenced by trends in the Byzantine world where the tendency to drill rather than carve resulted in a more 'honeycombed' effect.

A comparable example can be found in the Museo de la Alhambra (Arte Islámico en Granada: Propuesta para un Museo de la Alhambra, Granada, 1995, p.257, no.56), which evinces a similar two-tiered acanthus design and the egg-and-dart minor band. These features are also shared by capitals from Madinat al-Zahra, including a dated example in the al-Sabah Collection, Kuwait (ibid., p.247, no.39), which bears the name and titles of al-Hakam and the year 362 AH/972-3 AD. A further capital stylistically similar to the present example was published in Les Andalousies de Damas à Cordoue, Paris, 2000, p.106, no.75.

伊斯蘭藝術

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