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An illustration of The Prophet Muhammad's standard, Italy, last quarter 17th century (circa 1683-89)
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An illustration of The Prophet Muhammad's standard, Italy, last quarter 17th century (circa 1683-89)
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拍品詳情

伊斯蘭藝術

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An illustration of The Prophet Muhammad's standard, Italy, last quarter 17th century (circa 1683-89)
Arabic and Italian on paper, the standard in green and pink heighted in gold, above and below respectively 8 and 4 lines in black ink, laid down on an album page
text area: 27.5 by 33.5cm.
leaf: 46.5 by 34.7cm.
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相關資料

This is a European illustration of the Standard of The Prophet held by the Ottoman army under the Grand Vizier Merzifonlu Kara Mustafa Pasha during their siege of Vienna. The physical standard was captured by the Polish army commanded by King Jan III Sobieski on 12 September 1683 and this document was sent by the king through his personal secretary Tommaso Talenti (1629-93) to Pope Innocenzo XI (papacy between 1676-89).

Pope Innocenzo XI, born Benedetto Odescalchi, had strong ties with the Polish Kingdom and during his papacy he vigorously pushed to unite the European Christian Kingdoms under Leopold I and the other principalities against the Ottomans. On 12 September 1683 the Holy League liberated Vienna and the Ottomans retreated. After the battle of Vienna, the Standard of the Prophet was sent to the Pope as a symbol of the liberation of the city and triumph of the Holy league.

The lines above the standard identify the texts within the different areas of the flag and give an approximate translation, while the four lines below the drawing mention it being sent from the King of Poland, Jan III Sobieski, through his secretary Tommaso Talenti to Pope Innocenzo XI. Another representation of this standard is printed in J. Loski 1883, p.76 (http://polona.pl/item/266134/), now held in the National Library in Warsaw.

伊斯蘭藝術

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