The Uffizi Crouching Venus
was moved from the Villa Medici in Rome to Florence in 1787. It was originally thought to be a copy of a statue by Diodalses and referred to by Pliny, but more recent scholars relate it to Pergamene sculptures, such as the Arrotino
. Early commentators considered the subject to be the Birth of Venus but later the goddess was generally thought to be bathing.
F. Haskell and N. Penny, Taste and the Antique: The Lure of Classical Sculpture 1500-1900, New Haven and Yale, 1981, p. 321-23.