Fremiet submitted the model of Chevaux de course et jockeys to the Salon of 1855 (no.3707) and exhibited it again at the Exposition Universelle four years later (no.1856). Critically acclaimed, the bronze was shown abroad in Antwerp and at the Exposition de l'Art Français in Copenhagen. The Barbedienne foundry purchased the casting rights when the sculptor died in 1910. It appeared in their catalogue for that year.
Horswell considered the group to be 'one of the finest models of this subject to be found in animalier sculpture' and quotes the critic Jacques de Biez: 'M. Frémiet recently published with his editors, M. M. Boussod and Valadon, two studies of racing horses, which add the thoroughbred to the series of horses by this artist. A group of jockeys in the saddle and a portrait of the stallion, Barberousse, they are much more documentary than simply ornamental - the historiographer has left his mark of perception and observation'.
J. Horswell, Bronze Sculpture of 'Les Animaliers'. Reference and Price Guide, Woodbridge, 1971, p. 185; S. Lami, Dictionnaire des sculpteurs de l'école française du XIXe siècle, Paris, 1916, vol. 2, p. 413; J. de Biez, E. Frémiet, Paris, 1910, p. 274; C. Chevillot, Emmanuel Frémiet, 1824-1910, la main et le multiple, Dijon-Quetigny, 1988, p. 95, no. S127